Physics 1
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

B2B02FY1  Z,ZK  8  4P+1L+2C  Czech 
 Relations:
 In order to register for the course B2B02FY2, the student must have received credit for the course B2B02FY1 in a previous semester.
 Course guarantor:
 Petr Kulhánek
 Lecturer:
 Petr Koníček, Petr Kulhánek
 Tutor:
 Ilona Ali Bláhová, Václav Bára, Marek Brothánek, Milan Červenka, Vratislav Fabián, Vojtěch Jandák, Jaroslav Jíra, Petr Koníček, Petr Kulhánek, Jakub Malíř, Lukáš Matera, Jegor Michajlov, Vojtěch Munzar, Jakub Pilař, Jaroslav Plocek, Bohuslav Rezek, Karel Řezáč, Ladislav Sieger, Daniel Urbán, Martin Žáček
 Supervisor:
 Department of Physics
 Synopsis:

The basic course of physics at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering  Physics 1, is devoted to the introduction into two important areas of physics. The first one is a classical mechanics and the second one is the electric and magnetic field. Within the framework of the classical mechanics, the students study the particle kinematics; dynamics of the mass particle, system of mass particles and rigid bodies. The students should be able to solve basic problems dealing with the description of mechanical systems, which they can meet during their further studies. The classical mechanics is followed by the relativistic mechanics, electric and magnetic field  both stationary as well as nonstationary. The students can use the facts gained in this course in the study of electrical circuits, theory of electrotechnical materials or radioelectronics. Apart of this, the knowledge gained in this course is required for the study of the consecutive course Physics 2.
 Requirements:

Knowledge of differential calculus.
 Syllabus of lectures:

Lectures
1.Units, system of units. Physical fields. Reference frames.
2.Particle kinematics (rectilinear motion, circular motion, motion in three dimensions).
3.Newton?s laws, inertial and noninertial reference frames, equations of motion in inertial and noninertial reference frames.
4.Work, power, conservative fields, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy law.
5.Foundations of analytical mechanics  conservation laws, constraints, generalized coordinates, Lagrangian, Lagrange?s equations of the 2nd order for conservative systems. Hamiltonian, Hamilton?s canonical equations.
6.Central forces, motion in the field of central force. Kepler?s laws, Newton?s law of universal gravitation, gravitational field of the system of n particles and extended bodies. Gravitational field intensity, potential and energy.
7.Mechanical oscillating systems. Simple harmonic motion damped and forced oscillations. Resonance of displacement and velocity. Combination of oscillatory motions.
8.System of nparticles, isolated and nonisolated systems, conservation of linear and angular momentum laws. Conservation of mechanical energy law for the system of nparticles. Center of mass and center of gravity. Rigid bodies, general motion, equations of motion, rotation of the rigid body with respect to the fixed axis and to the fixed point
9.Elasticity, stress, Hooke?s law.
10.Introduction to the mechanics of fluids  Euler?s equation, barometric formulae, Bernoulli?s equation, Pascal?s and Archimedes principle.
11.Fundamentals of theory of relativity, Lorentz transformation, relativistic kinematics and dynamics.
12.Electric charge, Coulomb?s law, electric field intensity and potential of the system of point charges and continuously distributed charges. Gauss? law, Maxwell?s equations for the electrostatic field in vacuum. Electric dipole, polarization and electric displacement vector, dielectrics in electric field. Maxwell?s equations for realworld materials. Conductor in electric field, Faraday?s cage. Capacitance, capacitor. Energy of the electrostatic field.
13.Stationary electric current, current density, conservation of an electric charge law, electromotive force, junction rule and loop theorem. Ohm?s law, Joule?s law. Magnetostatic field. Lorentz force, Ampere?s and BiotSavart?s law. Magnetic dipole moment, magnetization, magnetic field strength. Current carrying conductor in magnetic field. Magnetic properties of matter. Energy of the magnetostatic field
14.Electromagnetic induction, energy of the electromagnetic field. Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves, wave equation, propagation of electromagnetic waves.
 Syllabus of tutorials:

Corresponds with lecture outline
 Study Objective:

Honourable.
 Study materials:

1.Kulhánek, P.: Fyzika 1 pro KME.
2.Kurz MIT: Elektřina a magnetizmus.
3.Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J.: Fyzika, VUTIUMPROMETHEUS, 2000.
4.Kvasnica, J., Havránek, A., Lukáč, P., Sprášil, B.: Mechanika, ACADEMIA, 2004.
5.Sedlák, B., Štoll, I.: Elektřina a magnetismus, ACADEMIA, 2002.
6.Fyzika I a II  fyzikální praktikum, M. Bednařík, P. Koníček, O. Jiříček.
7.Physics I, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Dept. of Physics FEE CTU, 1992.
8.Physics I  Seminars, M. Murla, S. Pekárek, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1995.
9.Physics I  II, Laboratory manual, S. Pekárek, M. Murla, Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002.
 Note:
 Further information:
 https://www.aldebaran.cz/studium/f1/
 Timetable for winter semester 2024/2025:
 Timetable is not available yet
 Timetable for summer semester 2024/2025:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Electronics and Communications 2018 (compulsory course in the program)
 Open Electronic Systems (compulsory course in the program)