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Computer Structure and Architecture

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
BIK-SAP.21 Z,ZK 5 14KP+6KC Czech
Garant předmětu:
Martin Daňhel
Martin Daňhel
Martin Daňhel, Peter Guľa, Štěpán Pechman
Department of Digital Design

Students will get acquainted with the basic architecture and units of a digital computer, understand the structure, function, and implementation of arithmetic-logic unit , controllers, memory, I/O communication, methods of data transfers between the units. The logic design and the implementation of a program-controlled simple processor is practically implemented in the labs using programmable circuits (FPGA), a single-chip microcomputer, and modern design (EDA) tools.


Basic knowledge of physical principles of digital circuits (transistors as switches, implementation of registers, data storage principles) and fundamentals of discrete mathematics (number representation systems, Boolean algebra).

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Computer organization, units and their interfaces. Logic functions, combinatorial components, gate-level design.

2. Structure of sequential components, description and implementation. Mealy and Moore type of implementation. Typical combinatorial and sequential components of a computer.

3. Data, storage and processing. Representation of negative numbers, fix-point and floating point numbers.

4. Implementation of arithmetic operations. Memory structures and design principles.

5. Computer memory system. Input-output components, buses and communication.

6. Instruction set architecture and machine code. Instruction cycle.

7. Control units.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Numeral systems and conversions. Representation of negative numbers and arithmetic operations. Fix point and floating point numbers. Combinatorial components design (gate level). Implementation of sequential components.

2. [2] Implementation of logic circuits. Hardware implementation of arithmetic operations. Memories. Simple processor structure and machine code. Machine code design. Machine code debugging. Assessment.

Study Objective:

The subject teaches basic knowledge of digital computer construction principles, how a computer performs its operations, what is machine code and what are its connections to higher programming languages.

Study materials:

1. Patterson D. A., Hennessy J. L. : Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface (5th Edition). Morgan Kaufmann, 2014. ISBN 978-0128012857.

2. Wakerly J. F. : Digital Design: Principles and Practices (5th Edition). Pearson, 2018. ISBN 978-0134460093.

3. Mano M.M., Ciletti M.D. : Digital Design: With an Introduction to the Verilog HDL, VHDL, and SystemVerilog (6th Edition). Pearson, 2017. ISBN 978-0134549897.

4. Kubátová H. : Struktura a architektura počítačů s řešenými příklady. ČVUT Praha, 2016. ISBN 978-80-01-06410-8.

Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
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Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
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The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-04-15
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