Physics II.
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

F7PBBFY2  Z,ZK  6  2P+2C+2L  Czech 
 Garant předmětu:
 Lecturer:
 Tutor:
 Supervisor:
 Department of Natural Sciences
 Synopsis:

The course Physics 2 follows the course Physics 1 and expands the acquired knowledge in the field of electromagnetism and the basics of atomic and nuclear physics and condensed matter physics.
 Requirements:

Credit conditions  the credit has a theoretical and practical parts. Successful passing of the theoretical part requires at most two absences from numerical exercises and it is also necessary to obtain at least 60% of points in the credit test. The test consists of 8 numerical tasks from the topics covered in the seminars. To fulfill the practical part, 100% participation in laboratory exercises and elaboration of all protocols is necessary. Protocols are graded AF and the average grade from all protocols will be part of the overall classification of the course.
Exam conditions  the exam consists of ten questions evaluated with ten points (maximum 100 points). The questions include both numerical examples and theories covering the topics of the course. Emphasis is placed on understanding the issue and the context.
 Syllabus of lectures:

Syllabus of lectures:
1. Physical interactions and worldview. Understanding the physical model to describe reality.
2. Electromagnetic interaction, electric field, charge, Coulomb's law, induction and intensity of el. field
3. Electric potential, energy and work in the electric field, capacity
4. Magnetic field intensity, Lorentz force, particle motion in electric and magnetic fields
5. Magnetic induction, BiotSavartLaplace law
6. Magnetic field energy, elmg. induction, current, Ohm's law
7. Transformational and kinetic stresses, inductance
8. Oscillations, waves, condition of origin, their properties, condition of origin, general wave equation, velocity and relation to properties of environment, differential equations of 2nd order, RLC circuit
9. Electromagnetic waves  spectrum, properties and use of different types of radiation
10. Maxwell's equations, Poynting's vector, gradient, divergence, rotation, Laplace operator
11. Black body radiation, Planck's, Wien's, StefanBoltzmann's law, photometric quantities
12. Use of electromagnetic spectrum from gamma, X, UV, VIS, IR to radio frequencies, sensors (photomultipliers, semiconductor elements, bolometers), use in healthcare
13. Model of the atom, spectrum of radiation of hydrogen atom, spectroscopy
14. Nuclear radiation, reactions, reactors, accelerators, magnetic resonance
 Syllabus of tutorials:

Exercise syllabus:
Seminars:
1. Geometric optics
2. Wave optics
3. Electrostatics  Coulomb law in vacuum and in dielectrics, electric field
4. Electrostatics  electric potential, capacity, capacitance
5. Electric current, Ohm's law, electric circuits
6. work in electric cirucits, Joule heat, electric current in solutions, electrolysis
7. Magnetic field, Amper's law of total current, Lorentz force
8. Time varying electromagnetic field, Faraday's law of induction, inductance
9. Alternting current, RLC circuits
10. Radiometry, photometry
11. Vector analysis, defferential operators. Gauss and Amper's law
12. Maxwell's equations, wave equation, electromagnetic waves
13. Electromagnetic waves, basics of quantum mechanics
14. Credit test
Laboratory practice:
1. Introduction, health and safety, processing of calibration measurements
2. Electrochemical equivalent of copper and Faraday constant
3. Boiling of water under reduced pressure, state behavior of gases
4. Fluid flow, liquid viscosity measurement
5. Problems from ray optics
6. Measurement of transient characteristics
7. Verification of BiotSavart law, Hall effect
8. Measurement of the breaking angle of a prism with a goniometer, measurement of the refractive index using a goniometer
9. Absorption of ionizing radiation
10. Specific charge of an electron
11. Conduction of electric current in metals
12. Plate capacitor
13. Transformers, inductive measurements
14. Summary
 Study Objective:

Students will gain a comprehensive overview of the basics of electromagnetic field physics, electromagnetic waves and the basics of modern physics. They will be able to apply these acquired theoretical skills to practical numerical and laboratory problems. Students will gain an overview of the application of these physical phenomena in medical technology.
 Study materials:

Compulsory literature:
[1] HALLIDAY & RESNICK a Jearl WALKER. Fundamentals of physics. 10th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2014. ISBN
9781118230718.
Recommended literature:
[1] Physics (Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism). Recorded video lectures and materials at MIT (Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, USA). [online]. Creative Commons License, c20012019. Last change: 3.5.2019 [cit. 2019
0401]. URL: https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/
 Note:
 Further information:
 No timetable has been prepared for this course
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Biomedical Technology (compulsory course)