Introductory Radiation Physics
Code  Completion  Credits  Range 

16URF  Z,ZK  4  2+2 
 Garant předmětu:
 Ladislav Musílek
 Lecturer:
 Ladislav Musílek
 Tutor:
 Ondřej Kořistka, Ladislav Musílek
 Supervisor:
 Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation
 Synopsis:

Concise review of opinions about atoms and radiation physics, relativistic and quantum properties, basic characteristics of atoms and nuclei, binding energy, measurement of nuclear mass and diameter, nuclear moments, isospin, basic nuclear models, general characteristics of interaction of radiation with a matter, interaction of alpha, beta, gamma and neutrons, penetration of radiation beams through material, radiation effects in a matter.
 Requirements:

No specific requirements
 Syllabus of lectures:

1.Concise review of development of nuclear and radiation physics
2.Physical quantities in radiation physics and their measurement, cross sections
3.Basics characteristics of atomic nuclei
4.Nuclear masses and binding energies
5.Methods for determining radius of nuclei
6.Nuclear moments and further quantum characteristics
7.Nuclear models  general characteristics and types
8.Basic properties of the most important particles in radiation physics
9.General characteristics of interaction of ionising radiation with a matter
10.Interaction of heavy charged particles with a matter, stopping power
11.Energy loses of electrons transmitting through a matter
12.Processes if interaction of X and gammarays
13.Processes of neutron interactions in a matter
14.Effects caused in a matter by ionising radiation  ionisation and excitation, heat production
 Syllabus of tutorials:

1. laboratory reference frame vs. center of mass reference frame
2. fundamental relations in quantum physics
3. classical (Newton) vs. relativistic (Einstein) physics
4. relations among momentum, mass, energy, wawelength, frequency, etc.
5. binding energy of nuclei, Weizsäcker formula, line of beta stability
6. mass and ardius of nuclei
7. interaction of heavy charged particle with matter
8. interaction of light charged particle with matter
9. BetheBloch formula for collision and radiation losses
10. empirical relationships for range of particles in material
11. interaction of photons with matter
12. passage of photon beam through material
13. interaction of neutron with matter
14. credit test
 Study Objective:

Knowledges:
Knowledge of nuclear and radiation physics as the basis for more specialized courses on the detection, dosimetry and the use of ionizing radiation in various applications of science and technology.
Abilities:
Application of basic knowledge on complex systems, usable for various applications.
 Study materials:

Key references:
[1] L. Musílek: Úvod do fyziky ionizujícího záření, Praha, SNTL 1979
Recommended references:
[2] J.S. Lilley: Nuclear Physics  Principles and Applications. Chichester, Wiley 2001
[3] K.N. Muchin: Eksperimental'naja jaděrnaja fizika I. Moskva, Eněrgoatomizdat 1983
[4] J. Magill  J. Gally: Radioactivity, Radionuclides, Radiation. Berlin, Springer 2005
[5] B. Povh  K. Rith  C. Scholz  F. Zetsche: Particles and Nuclei  An Introduction to the Physical Concepts. Berlin, Springer 1999
[6] B.R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics  An Introduction. Chichester, Wiley 2006
[7] W. Loveland  D.J.Morisey  G.T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry. Hoboken, Wiley 2006
 Note:
 Timetable for winter semester 2023/2024:
 Timetable is not available yet
 Timetable for summer semester 2023/2024:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans: