Aircraft and Spacecraft Instrumentation
- Pavel Pačes
- Pavel Pačes
- Department of Aerospace Engineering
The course deals with a theory and description of basic functions, structures and principles of aircraft and spacecraft instrumentation working in a low-frequency band. Within the scope of this course it is possible to get knowledge about instrument boards, propulsion parameters measurements, aerometrical systems, and fuselage health monitoring systems. Furthermore, gyroscopic systems and systems for navigation are also covered. Laboratory exercises are orientated to get practical sense about theoretically learned knowledge about aircraft instrumentation.
Aircraft Electrical and Electronic Systems
- Syllabus of lectures:
1)Aircraft instrumentation and its compatibility, instrument boards.
2)Aircraft and spacecraft power systems
3)Parameter definition of turbo-prop, jet, and rocket engines. Revolution measurements. Pressure and temperature measurements. Torque and vibration measurements.
4)Fuel flow and fuel used measurements, fuel level and critical level sensing. Ice detection systems, fire annunciators.
5)Complex aircraft monitoring systems.
6)Barometrical based altitude measurements, altimeters. International Standard Atmosphere.
7)Air and vertical speed measurements, Mach-number measurements. Machmeters and vertical speed indicators. Aerometric data computers, process of data calculation, aerometric sensors.
8)Principles of navigation systems. Mechanical gyroscopes and their usage.
9)Sensors used in navigation systems ? gyroscopes, angular rates sensors, accelerometers.
10)Navigation equations and their application and calculation.
11)Earth magnetic field and its usage in aeronautics and astronautics, magnetic compass.
12)Methodology in navigation data processing and fusion.
13)Spacecraft instrumentation, environmental conditions.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1)Selsyn and resolver based angle measurements
2)Measuring the voltage regulator of aircraft DC generator
3)Measuring the stationary alternator LUN 2450 with output 3x36V/400Hz
4)Verification of aircraft engine speed indicator (ESI)
5)Verification of EGT indicator of turbo-prop engine
6)Parameter measurement of a fire annunciator
7)Barometric pressure sensor measurements
8)Calibration of altimeter and vertical speed indicator
9)Calibration of the air-speed indicator and Mach meter
10)Demonstration of the gyroscope precession principle
11)Magnetic field horizontal components measurements
12)Calibration of the accelerometer frame
13)Calibration of the gyro frame
- Study Objective:
Alumni of this course will have general knowledge in principles applied in aircraft and spacecraft low-frequency-band instrumentation and the overview in a current-state-of-art technology. The theoretical knowledge is extended by a practical one obtained from laboratory exercises.
- Study materials:
?Pallet, E.H.J.: Aircraft instruments and integrated systems. Longman 1992
?Davies M.: The standard handbook for aeronautical and astronautical engineers. McGRAW-HILL 2002
?Fortescu P., Stark J., Swinerd G.: Spacecraft Systems Engineering. John Wiley&Sons, Ltd. 2003
?Helfrick A: Principles of Avionics. Avionics Communications Inc. 2004
?Moir I., Seabridge A.: Aircraft systems. John Wiley&Sons, Ltd. 2008
?Spitzer C. R.: Avionics development and implementation. CRC Press 2007
- Time-table for winter semester 2021/2022:
Rýsovna KA213 12122roomKN:A-213
Rýsovna KA213 12122
Tue Wed Thu Fri
- Time-table for summer semester 2021/2022:
- Time-table is not available yet
- The course is a part of the following study plans: