Physics I.
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

17KBIFY1  KZ  3  4P+8C  Czech 
 Garant předmětu:
 Lecturer:
 Tutor:
 Supervisor:
 Department of Natural Sciences
 Synopsis:

Physics I course will allow students to acquire and strengthen knowledge in these branches of physics: mechanics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. Through the course we also touch the limits of the classical Physics.
 Requirements:

Assessment:
1. Not more than 1 absence in computational exercise seminars.
2. 100 minutes written exam, which includes 56 theoretical questions.
 Syllabus of lectures:

Outline of lectures:
1. Position of a particle, coordinate system, movements, vector quantities vs. scalar quantities and operations with them, SI system of units and unit conversions, average speed and instant speed, acceleration, uniformly accelerated motion, vertical throw.
2. Movement and force, momentum, equations of motion, Newton's laws, types of forces, composition of forces, momentum conversation law.
3. Work, energy, kinetic and potential energies, work of an elastic force, power, mechanical energy conservation law.
4. Gravitation field, gravitation force, Newton's law of universal gravitation, gravitation near Earth, potential energy of gravitation field, rockets and satellites, Kepler's laws.
5. Movements of bodies, Projectile motion, Friction force, Limit speed, Newton's formula, Stokes' formula, Circular motion.
6. System of mass points, Center of gravity, First momentum law, Momentum and Impulse, Collisions  elastic and inelastic.
7. Equilibrium, Rotation of rigid bodies, Momentum, Moment of Inertia.
8. Kinetic theory of matter, Molar quantities, Solid state matter  structure: description, deformations, elasticity, Hooke's law, Deformation curve.
9. Structure and properties of liquids, Pascal?s and Archimedes? laws, flow lines, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli?s equation.
10. Thermodynamics, Temperature, Heat, Internal energy, Heat transfer, Three thermodynamics laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Statistical description of phenomena in gases, Entropy.
11. Oscillatory motion, Harmonic motion, Pendulums, Damped oscillator, Resonance.
12. Waves and their types, Travelling waves, Interference, Standing wave, Sound.
 Syllabus of tutorials:

No exercises
 Study Objective:

Physics I will allow students to acquire and to strengthen a universitylevel knowledge in the following physics branches: mechanics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. Throughout the semester, this course reaches to the limits of classical physics.
 Study materials:

[1] Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fundamentals of Physics, Vol. 13, Publisher: Wiley, ISBN: 0470469110
[2] Lectures and study materials from MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA), the course „Classical Mechanics“ by Professor Walter Levin, including videorecorded lectures at
http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/801physicsiclassicalmechanicsfall1999/
[3] Feynman Lectures on Physics at California Institute of Technology: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/
 Note:
 Further information:
 No timetable has been prepared for this course
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Biomedical Informatics  combined study (compulsory elective course)