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Physics I.

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
17KBIFY1 KZ 3 4P+8C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Natural Sciences

Physics I course will allow students to acquire and strengthen knowledge in these branches of physics: mechanics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. Through the course we also touch the limits of the classical Physics.



1. Not more than 1 absence in computational exercise seminars.

2. 100 minutes written exam, which includes 5-6 theoretical questions.

Syllabus of lectures:

Outline of lectures:

1. Position of a particle, coordinate system, movements, vector quantities vs. scalar quantities and operations with them, SI system of units and unit conversions, average speed and instant speed, acceleration, uniformly accelerated motion, vertical throw.

2. Movement and force, momentum, equations of motion, Newton's laws, types of forces, composition of forces, momentum conversation law.

3. Work, energy, kinetic and potential energies, work of an elastic force, power, mechanical energy conservation law.

4. Gravitation field, gravitation force, Newton's law of universal gravitation, gravitation near Earth, potential energy of gravitation field, rockets and satellites, Kepler's laws.

5. Movements of bodies, Projectile motion, Friction force, Limit speed, Newton's formula, Stokes' formula, Circular motion.

6. System of mass points, Center of gravity, First momentum law, Momentum and Impulse, Collisions - elastic and inelastic.

7. Equilibrium, Rotation of rigid bodies, Momentum, Moment of Inertia.

8. Kinetic theory of matter, Molar quantities, Solid state matter - structure: description, deformations, elasticity, Hooke's law, Deformation curve.

9. Structure and properties of liquids, Pascal?s and Archimedes? laws, flow lines, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli?s equation.

10. Thermodynamics, Temperature, Heat, Internal energy, Heat transfer, Three thermodynamics laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Statistical description of phenomena in gases, Entropy.

11. Oscillatory motion, Harmonic motion, Pendulums, Damped oscillator, Resonance.

12. Waves and their types, Travelling waves, Interference, Standing wave, Sound.

Syllabus of tutorials:

No exercises

Study Objective:

Physics I will allow students to acquire and to strengthen a university-level knowledge in the following physics branches: mechanics, thermodynamics and solid state physics. Throughout the semester, this course reaches to the limits of classical physics.

Study materials:

[1] Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fundamentals of Physics, Vol. 1-3, Publisher: Wiley, ISBN: 0470469110

[2] Lectures and study materials from MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA), the course „Classical Mechanics“ by Professor Walter Levin, including videorecorded lectures at


[3] Feynman Lectures on Physics at California Institute of Technology: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2023-03-25
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