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Anatomy, Physiology and General and Special Pathology of Eye

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
17PBOAFPO ZK 2 2P Czech

The course 17PBOVZF can be graded only after the course 17PBOAFPO has been successfully completed.

The course 17PBOOK1 can be graded only after the course 17PBOAFPO has been successfully completed.

The course 17PBOZFOA can be graded only after the course 17PBOAFPO has been successfully completed.

Garant předmětu:
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection

Introduction to pathology: definitions, goals, history, illnesses, symptoms. Etiology and pathogenesis of the disease on the organ, tissue, cellular and molecular level. External factors contributing to the emergence and development of disease. Pathogenic stimuli. Wound healing. Inflammation and tissue damage as a defensive phenomenon. Circulation disorders, atrophy, necrosis, tumors. Specific signs of pathological changes in the central nervous system, the eye, and the optical path.


Demonstration of knowledge mastered by a written test, 80 % success rate.

Syllabus of lectures:

Week 1: Status and defining pathology, distribution pathology, and the causes of such illness. Week 2: Regressive changes, the concept of death, necrosis, apoptosis, atrophy and dystrophy.

Week 3: Inflammation - anatomical and clinical signs, acute and chronic inflammation.

Week 4: Tumors ? cancer, carcinogenesis, benign and malignant tumors and the grading and staging of such tumors.

Week 5: Progressive changes. Teratology: chromosomal, genetic and epigenetic defects. Week 6: Etiological pathology, infectious diseases, non-infectious diseases, nutritional disorders and immune disorders.

Week 7: Pathology of the eye. Introduction to the basics examinations necessary to assess the pathological changes. Surroundings of the eye, orbit, lacrimal apparatus (lacrimal gland and efferent lacrimal apparatus), congestion bulbu- superficial and deep injection.

Week 8: Location and status of the eyeball, eyeball motility, cornea - the surface, thickness and endothelium, anterior chamber.

Week 9: Diseases of the lens - cataract, vitreous humour.

Week 10: Diseases of the retina and optic nerve. Glaucoma.

Week 11: Inherited diseases, changes in refractive defects.

Week 12: Strabismus.

Week 13: Orbit injuries orbit.

Week 14: Disease of the optic nerve.

Syllabus of tutorials:


Study Objective:

Basic course of General pathology and Introduction to the pathology of the eye.

Study materials:

[1]REMINGTON, Lee Ann. Clinical anatomy and physiology of the visual system. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012.

[2]KANSKI, Jack J. a Brad BOWLING. Clinical ophthalmology: a systematic approach. 7th ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier Saunders, 2011.

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-04-22
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