Physics
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

17PBOFYZ  Z,ZK  5  2P+2S  Czech 
 Garant předmětu:
 Petr Písařík, Jana Urzová
 Lecturer:
 Jana Urzová
 Tutor:
 Jan Mikšovský, Petr Písařík, Svitlana Strunina, Eva Urbánková, Jana Urzová
 Supervisor:
 Department of Natural Sciences
 Synopsis:

Physics course will allow students to acquire and strengthen knowledge in these branches of physics: mechanics, thermodynamics, alectromagnetic field and solid state physics. We focus on solid theoretical bases, but independent work in student labs as well as solving practical examples are also important parts of the course. Through the course we also touch the limits of the classical Physics.
 Requirements:

Assessment:
1. Completion of lab work and lab reports
2. Not more than 1 absence in theoretical exercise seminars
3. A grade of at least 60% in the exercise test
Examination:
120 minutes written exam, which includes both numerical exercises and theoretical questions.
 Syllabus of lectures:

1. Position of a particle, coordinate system, movements, vector quantities vs. scalar quantities and operations with them, SI system of units and unit conversions, average speed and instant speed, acceleration, uniformly accelerated motion, vertical throw.
2. Movement and force, momentum, equations of motion, Newton's laws, types of forces, composition of forces, momentum conversation law.
3. Work, energy, kinetic and potential energies, work of an elastic force, power, mechanical energy conservation law.
4. Gravitation field, gravitation force, Newton's law of universal gravitation, gravitation near Earth, potential energy of gravitation field, rockets and satellites, Kepler's laws.
5. Movements of bodies, Projectile motion, Friction force, Limit speed, Newton's formula, Stokes' formula, Circular motion.
6. System of mass points, Center of gravity, First momentum law, Momentum and Impulse, Collisions  elastic and inelastic.
7. Equilibrium, Rotation of rigid bodies, Momentum, Moment of Inertia.
8. Kinetic theory of matter, Molar quantities, Solid state matter  structure: description, deformations, elasticity, Hooke's law, Deformation curve.
9. Structure and properties of liquids, Pascal?s and Archimedes? laws, flow lines, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli?s equation.
10. Thermodynamics, Temperature, Heat, Internal energy, Heat transfer, Three thermodynamics laws, Kinetic theory of gases, Statistical description of phenomena in gases, Entropy.
11. Oscillatory motion, Harmonic motion, Pendulums, Damped oscillator, Resonance. Waves and their types, Travelling waves, Interference, Standing wave, Sound.
12. Physical interactions. Electromagnetic interaction, electrical field, Coulomb law. Electrical potencial, energy, capacity.
13. Intensity of magnetical field, Lorentz´ force. Magnetical induction, BiotSavartLaplace law. Energy of magnetical field.
14. Electromagnetical induction. Oscillation, RLC circuit. Maxwells´ equations, Laplaces´ operator. Aplications of elektromagnetic spektrum.
 Syllabus of tutorials:

Numerical exercises:
1) Oscillation and wave motions.
2) Kinematics and dynamics.
3) Kinetic energy, work, power, efficiency.
4) Gravitational field.
5) Mechanics of solids. Liquids and gases, law of thermodynamics.
6) Electromagnetic field.
7) Final tests.
Laboratory Tasks:
1) Moment of inertia.
2) Speed of sound.
3) Youngs moduli.
4) Kinematics and dynamics.
5) Ballistic curve.
6) Pendulum oscillation.
 Study Objective:

Fundamentals of classical physics.
 Study materials:

[1] Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fundamentals of Physics. John Wiley and Sons, e.g. 2010 Edition, Volumes 15.
[2] Feynman Lectures on Physics at California Institute of Technology: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/
[3] Internet resources in the document „Internet Resources for Physics“ published at the course website
 Note:
 Timetable for winter semester 2022/2023:
 Timetable is not available yet
 Timetable for summer semester 2022/2023:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Optics and Optometry  fulltime (compulsory course)