Thermodynamics and fluid mechanics of nuclear power plants

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
17TEMT Z,ZK 4 4P Czech
In order to register for the course 17STJE, the student must have successfully completed or received credit for and not exhausted all examination dates for the course 17TEMT.
Garant předmětu:
Department of Nuclear Reactors

The course gives summary of basic knowledge of the two theoretical fields which are important for the nuclear reactors and nuclear power plants design and operation: thermodynamics engineering and fluid mechanics. Both fields are lectured with hand-on approach, so that students obtain elementary view on issue, they will be able to calculate basic and simplified tasks and they will be able to study this issues in more details in next continuing special courses.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Introduction to issue. Definitions of basics important terms and quantities in the field of engineering thermodynamics. First and second thermodynamic principle and their importance in power engineering. (1 lecture)

2.Thermodynamics of ideal gas: ideal gas and its properties, basic reversible and non-reversible processes with open and closed thermodynamic systems, description and calculations of cycles: Carnot, Brayton and cycles of combustion engines. (2 lectures)

3.Thermodynamics of steam and thermodynamics of humid air: introduction, state equations of real substances. IAPWS state equations, diagrams of water and steam and steam tables and their use. Basic reversible and non-reversible thermodynamic processes with steam. Rankine-Clausius cycle with different steam and its thermal efficiency increasing. Net efficiency of power plant. Humid air. (3 lectures)

4.Introduction to fluid mechanics, definitions of basic quantities, description and explanation of fluid properties, Newton´s law. Hydrostatic: fluid in gravity field, hydrostatic pressure, force on areas in fluid, Archimedes principle and floating, Euler’s equation and their use. (1 lecture)

5.Fluid kinematics: Basic terms and laws, mass conservation equation (equation of continuity), potential flow, complex potential function and its use for calculation, flow around basic shapes. (1 lecture)

6.Fluid dynamics: Euler’s equation of fluid dynamics, Navier-Stokes equations for un- and compressible fluids, boundary conditions, calculations of equations, turbulent flow, Reynolds number, hydraulic diameter. (1 lecture)

7.Theory of 1D flow: dimensions reduction, equations of 1D flow: derivation of Bernoulli's equation and Euler-Lagrange’s equation. Pressure losses. (1 lecture)

8.Use of 1D flow for calculations, measurement and further applications: outflows, flow measurement, Prandtl and Pitott pipe, transient 1D flow, rotating channel, centrifugal pump, pumping equipment, theorem about momentum flow change. (2 lectures)

9.Flow of real fluid around surfaces, boundary layer: definition, origin and types of boundary layer, basic features of boundary layer, description and solving of plane boundary layer, flow around curved walls and separation of boundary layer, calculation of forces. (1 lecture)

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:
Study materials:

1.Todreas N.E., Kazimi M.S.: Nuclear systems, volume I, CRC Press, 2012, ISBN 978-1-4398-0887-0

2.D'Auria F. ed.: Thermal-Hydraulics of Water Cooled Nuclear Reactors, Woodhead Publishing, 2017, ISBN: 9780081006627

3.Smits J.A.: A Physical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Princeton, New Jersey, USA, 2014

Recommended references:

4.Bejan A.: Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, third edition, John Wiley  Sons Inc., 2006, ISBN: 978-0-471-67763-5

5.Wagner W., Kretzschmar H.J.: International Steam Tables, Properties of Water and Steam Based on the Industrial Formulation IAPWS-IF97, Seconf Edition, Springer, 2008, ISBN: 978-3-540-21419-9

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
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