Computer Structure and Architecture

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
BI-SAP.21 Z,ZK 5 2P+1R+2C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Digital Design

Students will get acquainted with the basic architecture and units of a digital computer, understand the structure, function, and implementation of arithmetic-logic unit , controllers, memory, I/O communication, methods of data transfers between the units. The logic design and the implementation of a program-controlled simple processor is practically implemented in the labs using programmable circuits (FPGA), a single-chip microcomputer, and modern design (EDA) tools.


Basic knowledge of physical principles of digital circuits (transistors as switches, implementation of registers, data storage principles) and fundamentals of discrete mathematics (number representation systems, Boolean algebra).

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction, computer organization, programable circuits.

2. Logic functions, combinational components, gate-level design.

3. Structure of sequential components, description and implementation. Mealy and Moore type of implementation.

4. Typical combinational and sequential components of a computer.

5. Data, their representation and processing.

6. Representation of negative numbers, fix-point and floating point numbers.

7. Basic principles of implementation of arithmetic operations.

8. Instruction set architecture (ISA) and machine code. Instruction cycle.

9. Assembler. Subroutines, interrupts.

10. Memories: memory circuit structure, static and dynamic memory. Error detection and correction linear codes.

11. Computer memory system. Memory hierarchy, cache.

12. Input-output components, buses and communication.

13. Control units design in practice.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Adders, gates, implementation using EDA tools in design kit.

2. Bolean algebra, minimisation.

3 Typical combination circuits, convertors, arithmetic circuits.

4. Combinatorial components design (gate level).

5. Implementation of simple sequential components.

6. Implementation of sequential components.

7. AVR processor, demo.

8. AVR implementation of arithmetic functions.

9. Simple program, machine code, shifters.

10. Semestral homework.

11. Machine code debugging.

12. Arithmetic asembler programs, homework presentation.

13, Assessment.


Study Objective:

The subject teaches basic knowledge of digital computer construction principles, how a computer performs its operations, what is machine code and what are its connections to higher programming languages.

Study materials:

1. Patterson D. A., Hennessy J. L. : Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface (5th Edition). Morgan Kaufmann, 2014. ISBN 978-0128012857.

2. Wakerly J. F. : Digital Design: Principles and Practices (5th Edition). Pearson, 2018. ISBN 978-0134460093.

3. Mano M.M., Ciletti M.D. : Digital Design: With an Introduction to the Verilog HDL, VHDL, and SystemVerilog (6th Edition). Pearson, 2017. ISBN 978-0134549897.

4. Kubátová H. : Struktura a architektura počítačů s řešenými příklady. ČVUT Praha, 2016. ISBN 978-80-01-06410-8.

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-04-13
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