Detection of Ionizing Radiation

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
17DEZA KZ 3 2P+1L Czech
Garant předmětu:
Marcel Miglierini
Martin Cesnek, Marcel Miglierini, Miloš Tichý
Martin Cesnek, Marcel Miglierini, Miloš Tichý
Department of Nuclear Reactors

The course provides basic information about sources and methods of detection of ionizing radiation and spectroscopy, with special emphasis on neutron detection and spectrometry. The subject focuses on the physical principles of detection, but introduces detection technology to the extent appropriate. An important part is a laboratory practice, where students individually solve seven tasks in groups of up to three students. It also includes writing a measurement report, which teaches to write scientific work.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Introduction + Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics + Radioactivity

2.Sources of radiation

3.Interaction of radiation with matter

4.Detectors of ionizing radiation

5.Spectrometry of radioactive radiation

6.Detection of neutrons

7.Neutron spectrometry

8.Uncertainty and processing of experimental data

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Study of Compton effect

2.Determination of the working point (voltage) of the G-M detector and its use for measurement of radiation attenuation by some materials

3.Gamma spectrometry: efficiency and energy resolution of various detectors and energy calibration of scintillation spectrometry and determination of unknown emitter

4.Alpha particles in the air (semiconductor detectors)

5.Neutron detectors; basic settings and sensitivity

6.Measurement with TL detectors in mixed neutron and γ radiation fields

7.Detection of β-radiation, measurement of decay constants of silver and study of statistical distribution

Study Objective:
Study materials:

Key references:

[1]Eichholz G. G., Poston J. W.: Principles of Nuclear Radiation Detection, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, 2018, ISBN 978-1-315-89597-0

[2]Kamal A.: Particle Physics, 1st Chapter: Nuclear Radiation Detectors, Springer Verlag, 2014

Recommended references:

[3]Knoll G. F.: Radiation Detection and Measurement. 4th ed., New York: Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2012, 860 s. ISBN 978-1-118-02691-5

[4]Murray R. L., Holbert K. E.: Nuclear energy: An introduction to the concepts, systems, and applications of nuclear processes, Butterworth-Heinemann, 8th Edition, 2019, ISBN 978-0-12-812881-7

Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
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The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2023-08-30
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