Materials Engineering

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
123MAI Z,ZK 5 2P+2C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Zbyšek Pavlík
Milena Pavlíková
Milena Pavlíková, Adam Pivák, Vojtěch Pommer
Department of Material Engineering and Chemistry

The course provides information on the building materials characterization and principles of designing and developing new types of materials having directed properties for specific building applications and structures.


Obtaining assessment: completion of the exercise protocols and passing the test (min. 50%).

Examination: written part (min. 50%) and oral interview

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction to material engineering - history, basic principles, relationship performance - properties.

2. Materials structure - atom structure, electron configuration, periodic table, chemical bonds.

3. Nature of building materials. Crystalline and amorphous solids, crystal lattice, defects and impurities.

4. Material properties with respect to their material structure. Texture, structure, basic physical properties, porosity, hygric properties.

5. Thermal properties - heat transport, thermal conductivity, thermal capacity, thermal elongation. Acoustic properties.

6. Structural glass and polymers. Polymer classification, composition. Polymer behaviour, glass transition. Testing and utilization.

7. Wood. Definitions, classification, structure, properties. Engineered wood.

8. Building stone. Degradation, preservation, and consolidation. Mortars. Types, classification, components.Properties, and application.

9. Composite materials. Forming of structure, synergy. Concrete, HPC, HSC, UHPC. Pores in concrete, concrete hydration.

10. Concrete - factors influencing structure. Influence of porosity, high temperatures, and frost on the properties.

11. Lightweight materials. Lightweight concrete, foamed polymers, fibrous materials. Thermal insulations - types, preparation, application.

12. Methods of determination of structure, composition, and properties of materials. Optical methods, RTG analysis, thermal analyses, porosimetry, NMR.

13. Degradation of building materials. Chemical and physical degradation, biodegradation. Corrosion.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1+2. Laboratory 1: Introduction, safety rules, basic principles of laboratory work, typical protocol. Sieving test - particle size distribution, sieving, llaser analysis of particle size.

3+4. Laboratory 2: Basic material parametres of porous building materials - determination of bulk density, matrix density, water content, total open porosity. Gravimetric method, vacuum absorption, pycnometry.

5+6. Laboratory 3: Water transport - absorptivity, determination of water content. Capacity methods, resistance methods, electromagnetic method, inversion analysis of concentration water profiles.

7+8. Laboratory 4: Water vapor transport in porous media, cup method without thermal gradient, determination of water vapor difusion coefficient and diffusion resistance factor.

9+10. Laboratory 5: Thermal properties of building materials. Determination of coefficient of thermal conductivity and thermal capacity in dry materials and in dependency on increasing water content. Impuls method application.

11+12. Laboratory 6: Dynamic viscosity, newton and non-newton liquids, Stokes rule. Determination of viscosity of liquids.

Study Objective:

The aim of the subject is the recognition of basic principles of formation of building materials structure that is in relation with material performance and properties. Students will obtain information on structure of substances, chemical, physical and physical-chemical bonds. Then will master also knowledge in material properties with respect to material structure. They will obtain also information on the most often used building materials and possibilities of the directed change of their properties.

Study materials:

! Pavlíková, M., Pavlík, Z., Hošek,J.: Materiálové inženýrství 1, ČVUT v Praze, 2011, ISBN 978-80-01-04932-7.

! Collepardi, M.: Moderní beton, ČKAIT, 2009., ISBN 978-80-87093-75-7.

! Aitcin, P.C.: Vysokohodnotný beton, ČKAIT, Praha, 2005, ISBN 80-86769-39-9.

? Wessel, J.K.: The Handbook of Advanced Materials: Enabling New Designs, Wiley-Interscience 2004, ISBN 978-0-471-45475-5.

?Claisse, P.A.: Civil Engineering materials, Elsevier Ltd., 2016, ISBN 978-0-08-100275-9.

?Illstone,J.M., Domone, P.L.J.: Construction materials - their nature and behaviour, CRC Press, 2010, ISBN 9781498759595.

?Černý R., Rovnaníková P.: Transport Processes in Concrete,CRC Press 2002, ISBN 9781482289107.

? Wasserbauer, R.: Biologické znehodnocení staveb, ABF a.s., ARCH, 2000, ISBN 80-86165-30-2.

Time-table for winter semester 2024/2025:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2024/2025:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
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