Introduction to Power Engineering

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
17UEN ZK 2 2+0
Garant předmětu:
Department of Nuclear Reactors

The main purpose of this course is to transmit to our students the basic information about power engineering as the line of economics, about its wide range, all important parts and about patterns of energetics function. The course is - from the beginning - structured logically from definition of term "energetics? through the power consumption, power sources on Earth, fuel mining and its influence on our environment, to the transformation of fuel power to nobler types of power. This subject describes power plants from the view of device being used for the power transformation. They are described quite briefly- mostly from the view as their features for connection to energy network, how they influence the environment and national economy, etc. It contains also power network features, their managing and structures, described on the power networks of the Czech Republic. The final part of this subject is pointed to energy sector of the Czech Republic and the State energy policy.



Syllabus of lectures:

1. Definition of „energy sector“, its classification and energy consumption

Time range: 1 lecture

Limitation of energy sector, classification of energy sector to parts, power engineering history and energy consumption in the World (structure, consumption and GDP in countries, distribution of consumption in World, consumption per capita), energy sources and electricity production, specific features of electricity.

2. Sources and fuels mining on Earth

Time range: 2 lectures

Reserves of basic fuels (solid fossil fuels, liquid fossil fuels, gaseous fossil fuels, nuclear fuels) on the Earth, their deposits an present mining, mining history, flow of energy raw materials in the World (transport, import, export), basic influence of mining on environment, forecasting.

3. Basic principles of energy conversions in energetics

Time range: 4 lectures

Basic of technical thermodynamic (terms and quantities , 1st and 2nd thermodynamic law, diagrams), simple changes with ideal gas, thermodynamic cycles with ideal gas and calculation of their thermal efficiency (Carnot cycle, Brayton cycle, ?), thermodynamic of vapor, Rankin-Clausius cycle, Rankin-Clausius cycle and its efficiency increasing.

4. Nuclear power plants

Time range: 2 lectures

Basic types (PWR, BWR, CANDU, gas cooled reactors, RBMK, fast reactors, Gen IV) and their diagrams, basic features (safety, fuel cycle, efficiency, operational experience, economic, influence on environment, future, ?).

5. Fossil-fuel and biomass power plant

Time range: 1 lecture

Basic description of fossil-fuel power plant, boilers types and their principles (stocker-fired, fluid, dry-bottom, pulverized fuel, cyclone, ?), basic description of power plant components (coal feeding, boiler, filters, flue gas desulphurization, ?), basic features of power plants (efficiency, operational experiences, economy), influence on environment (gaseous emission and their reduction, solid wastes, ?), liquid fuel boiler, gaseous fuel boiler, internal combustion turbines and motors in power engineering, biomass boilers.

6. Power plants based on renewable energy sources

Time range: 1 lecture

Hydroelectric power plants (division of hydroelectric power plants, description of hydroelectric power plants, turbine types, basic features of hydroelectric power plants), wind power plants (principle, rotors, efficiency, weather map, basic features of wind power plants), solar energy (types of use, division of wind power plants, photovoltaics, efficiency, basic features of wind power plants).

8. Energy sector in the Czech Republic and the State energy policy

Time range: 2 lectures

Energy consumption in the Czech Republic, fuels and their contribution in energy supply, renewable energy sources, the most important power plants in the Czech Republic (EDU, ETE, Prunéřov, Mělník, Dlouhé stráně, Orlík), forecasting - the State energy policy.

Syllabus of tutorials:


Study Objective:

Knowledge: basic knowledge of power engineering, energy sources and fuels, energy transformations a their influence on environment, knowledge of basic power plants descriptions and their features, description of energy sector in the Czech Republic and its forecasting (the State energy policy).

Abilities: orientation in issue, ability of logical thinking in the power engineering.

Study materials:

Key references:

BP: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, London, 2009,

Sonntag E.R., Wylen G.J.V.: Introduction to Thermodynamics: Classical and Statisctical, John Wiley & sons, 1971, ISBN: 0-471-81365-6

Recommended references:

The Ministry of Industry and Trade: The energy vision of the Czech Republic, Nakladatelstvi Arch, Praha 2005, ISBN: 80-86165-98-1

WWW sites of Energy regulatory office: http://www.eru.cz/

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
Aktualizace výše uvedených informací naleznete na adrese https://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet24737005.html