Energy Sector and Energy Sources

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
17EEZ Z,ZK 3 2+1 Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Nuclear Reactors

The main purpose of this course is to transmit to students the basic information about energy sector as the part of economics, about its wide range, all important parts and about patterns of energy sector function. The course is - from the beginning - structured logically from definition of term "energetics? through the power consumption, power sources on Earth, fuel mining and its influence on our environment, to the transformation of fuel power to nobler types of power. This course describes power plants from the view as a device being used for the power transformation mostly from the view of their features for connection to energy network, how they influence the environment and national economy, etc. It points also to various types of nuclear reactors and their connection with the fuel cycles. It contains also power network features, their managing and structures, description of power networks in Europe and in the Czech Republic. The final part of this course is pointed to energetics of the Czech Republic and the State energy policy.


17THN1, 17JARE

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Definition of „energy sector“, its division and energy consumption

Scope: 1 lecture

Limitation of energy sector, division of energy sector to parts, power engineering history and energy consumption in the World, energy sources: fossil fuel (solid, liquid and gaseous), renewable energy sources and their basic features.

2. Sources and fuels mining on Earth

Scope: 2 lectures

Reserves of basic fuels (solid fossil fuels, liquid fossil fuels, gaseous fossil fuels, nuclear fuels) on the Earth, their deposits an present mining, mining history, flow of energy raw materials in the World (transport, import, export), basic influence of mining on environment, forecasting.

3. Energy consumption, electricity

Scope: 2 lectures

Production - consumption equality, primary energy consumption in the World according to regions, energy consumption in the World according to fuels, energy consumption per capita, non-uniformity of consumption in the World, development of consumption in history and forecasting, influence of consumption on life quality, energy consumption in economy, fuels in economy, production and consumption of electricity, import and export of electricity, daily load curve, electricity accumulation.

4. Nuclear power in the World and basic features of nuclear power plant

Scope: 2 lectures

Nuclear power in the World, amount of operated nuclear reactors in various countries, forecasting, basic nuclear reactors types (PWR, BWR, CANDU, gas cooled reactors, RBMK, fast reactors, Generation IV) and their contribution in energy sector, connection of different reactor types to fuel cycles.

5. Power plants based on renewable energy sources

Scope: 2 lectures

Hydroelectric power plants (division of hydroelectric power plants, description of hydroelectric power plants, turbine types, basic features of hydroelectric power plants), wind power plants (principle, rotors, efficiency, weather map, basic features of wind power plants), solar energy (types of use, division of wind power plants, photovoltaics, efficiency, basic features of wind power plants)

6. Fossil-fuel power plant and biomass

Scope: 2 lectures

Basic description of fossil-fuel power plant, boilers types and their principles (stocker-fired, fluid, dry-bottom, pulverized fuel, cyclone, ?), basic description of power plant components (coal feeding, boiler, filters, flue gas desulphurization, ?), basic features of power plants (efficiency, operational experiences, economy), influence on environment (gaseous emission and their reduction, solid wastes, ?), liquid fuel boiler, gaseous fuel boiler, internal combustion turbines and motors in power engineering, biomass boilers.

7. Energy supply system, hydrogen power engineering

Scope: 1 lecture

Electricity supply system: transmission network system, types of networks according to voltage, components of networks (wires, towers, etc.), transmission network system in Europe and their connection, European electricity business, transmission network system in the Czech republic, basic description of gas supply system and oil supply system, features of hydrogen power engineering (principle, hydrogen production and use)

8. Energy sector in the Czech Republic and the State energy policy

Scope: 2 lectures

Energy consumption in the Czech Republic, fuels and their contribution in energy supply, renewable energy sources, the most important power plants in the Czech Republic (EDU, ETE, Prunéřov, Mělník, Dlouhé stráně, Orlík), forecasting - the State energy policy.

9. Students reports

Scope: 1 lecture

Presentation of student?s reports prepared according to given topics.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Principles of energy systems designs, calculations of energy systems and their optimalizations by various aspects, versions comparison, use of code DESAE for calculations and optimalizations of energy systems.

Study Objective:

Basic knowledge of power engineering, energy sources and fuels, energy transformations a their influence on environment, knowledge of basic power plants descriptions and their features, description of energy sector in the Czech Republic and its forecasting (the State energy policy), calculations and optimalizations of energy systems.

Orientation in issue, ability of logical thinking in the power engineering, calculations and optimalizations of energy systems by using DESAE code.

Study materials:

Key references:

BP: BP Statistical Review of World Energy, London, 2009

The Ministry of Industry and Trade: The energy vision of the Czech Republic, Nakladatelstvi Arch, Praha 2005, ISBN: 80-86165-98-1

Recommended references:

WWW sites of Energy regulatory office: http://www.eru.cz/

Media and tools:

PC classroom, computer code DESAE

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
Aktualizace výše uvedených informací naleznete na adrese https://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet1562906.html