Patient and Device Simulators and Testers
- Garant předmětu:
- Petr Kudrna
- Lenka Horáková, Jiří Hozman, Petr Kudrna, Martin Rožánek
- Lenka Horáková, Evgeniia Karnoub, Petr Kudrna, Martin Rožánek, Leoš Tejkl
- Department of Biomedical Technology
Patient and instrument simulators and testers. Basic principles of implementation, connections with other disciplines. Detailed description and implementation of a selected model of a subsystem. Design and implementation of patient and instrument simulator sub-blocks. Examples of circuit implementations of simulators and testers. Environment, scenario creation and other related procedures in manikin control, basic concepts and principles of anesthesiology. Other types of simulators and phantoms. Possibilities of use in clinical practice. Practical demonstration. Connection of the simulator with other medical equipment. Simulators and testers. Implementation of an established simulation scenario, scenario testing, creation of new scenarios. Collaboration between HPS and anaesthesia machine.
Course entry requirements:
Knowledge of anatomy and especially physiology, electrophysiology, physical chemistry, biochemistry, modeling and simulation, and skills in Matlab and Simulink.
Credit is conditional on attendance. Only one excused absence for serious reasons is possible. And passing two midterm exams per semester. Each test of 10 questions of 1 point each with three answer choices, only one correct each time) with a given number of points. The final grade will be the average of the sum of the scores on both tests and must be greater than or equal to 50% of the total score on both tests. It is not possible to take the exam without obtaining the credit and entering it into the CTU KOS IS.
The exam consists of a written test, where there is a combined answer option of ABC type (always one correct) - 1 point, i.e. 0 or 1 point and an option where it is necessary to answer in writing (open questions) - 5 points, i.e. from 0 to 5 points (important questions). There are 32 questions in total, including 20 MCQs (abc) of 2 marks each and 12 open questions of 5 marks each. Correct answer depending on type 0 to 5 marks, marking multiple answers means 0 marks, no answer means 0 marks, wrong answer means zero marks. Minimum 50 points, maximum 100 points. Assessment of the test according to the ECTS. Total time allotted for the test is 60 minutes. After correcting the test, oral retesting to a better grade is possible if the test result is on the borderline of the grading grades (typically by 2 points).
- Syllabus of lectures:
1. Patient and instrument simulators and testers (definitions, types, examples, parameters, illustration of use in clinical practice)
2. Basic principles of implementation, connections with other disciplines (electromechanical and other analogies)
3. Detailed description and implementation of the selected subsystem model (KVS model, SW)
4. Design and implementation of patient and instrument simulator sub-blocks (solution concept)
5. Examples of circuit implementations of simulators and testers (ECG, EMG, EEG, SpO2, NIBP)
6. Environment, scenario creation and other related procedures in manikin control (examples), basic concepts and principles of anaesthesiology
7. Other types of simulators and phantoms. Possible applications in clinical practice (examples, context)
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1. Introduction to simulations, familiarization with METI (CAE Healthcare) simulators and the laboratory of the simulated intensive care unit, gas distribution, electrical power supply and backup. Demonstration of the interconnections of the simulator's internal systems. Recapitulation of measured parameters - link to physiology.
2. Practical demonstration - influence of user adjustable functions on patient condition. Connection of the simulator with other medical technology - demonstration of the operation of the vital signs monitor, defibrillator, pulmonary ventilator, connection to the basics of anaesthesiology and resuscitation, connection to pharmacology
3. ECG, SpO2, NIBP simulators. Defibrillator testers, electrical safety testers. Lung simulators, connection to artificial lung ventilation.
4. Implementation of an established simulation scenario, scenario testing, creation of new scenarios (heart failure). MÜSE software environment - introduction
5. Implementation of an established simulation scenario, scenario testing, creation of new scenarios (heart failure). MÜSE SW environment - scenario animation
6. Collaboration between HPS and anaesthesia machine including vital signs monitor + MÜSE SW environment
7. Complex task with HPS and all available devices + MÜSE environment SW + HPS LOG reader, possibilities and consequences after drug administration, use of METIVision for recording and evaluation, use of stored parameters for offline processing.
- Study Objective:
The main aim of the course is for students to gain basic knowledge about the existence and principles of the so-called instrument and patient simulators and testers, which are commonly used in clinical practice and also about the possibilities of use in connection with the operation and professional maintenance of medical devices.
Outcome knowledge, skills, abilities and competences:
Knowledge of the principles, layout, parameters and applications of instrumentation and patient simulators.
The student is able to use instrumented simulators for the daily activities of a biomedical technician in clinical practice.
The student is able to prepare a scenario with a patient simulator.
- Study materials:
 MEURS, Willem van. Modeling and simulation in biomedical engineering: applications in cardiorespiratory physiology. New York: McGraw - Hill, c2011. ISBN 978-0-07-171445-7.
 Col. User´s guide - ECS, HPS. [online]. Sarasota (FL): CAE Healthcare, 2014 [cited 14-02-2014]. https://www.caehealthcare.com
 Col. HPS Core Workbook. Sarasota (FL): CAE Healthcare Academy, 2013. (20 copies purchased and available from mannequins)
 SILBERNAGL, Stefan and Agamemnon DESPOPOULOS. Atlas of human physiology.
 KITTNAR, Otomar and Mikuláš MLČEK. Atlas of physiological regulation: 329 diagrams. Prague: Grada, 2009. ISBN 978-80-247-2722-6.
MÜSE software environment (available in the PC classroom in 10 licenses and also for download from the manufacturer's website)
HPS LOG reader (created within IP2017 for teaching in Matlab)
- Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
Demo. lab. LPT, ZS a VProomKL:A-121
Demo. lab. LPT, ZS a VP
Tue Wed ThuroomKL:A-009
Lab. simulované JIP
- Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
- Time-table is not available yet
- The course is a part of the following study plans: