Modeling the Dynamics of Fire and Evacuation

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
124MDPV Z,ZK 6 3P+3C Czech
The course 124YMPE can be graded only after the course 124MDPV has been successfully completed.
Garant předmětu:
Petr Hejtmánek, Vladimír Mózer, Marek Pokorný
Petr Hejtmánek, Vladimír Mózer, Hana Najmanová, Marek Pokorný
Petr Hejtmánek, Vladimír Mózer, Hana Najmanová, Marek Pokorný
Department of Architectural Engineering

The course is focused on current topics of fire engineering (the so-called performance-based design) in the area of specific behavior of people during evacuation and fire dynamics in buildings. The content builds on the previous basic knowledge of the students in the prescriptive evaluation of fire safety of buildings using standard procedures, table values, or simplified mathematical relationships. The course is also focused on the advanced fire engineering approaches to fire safety design, the principles of fire dynamics and development in the closed space of the building in the form of analytical relationships and mathematical simulations (zone fire models), including modeling the behavior of people during evacuation.



Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction to the subject, motivation, simplified vs. advanced design procedures assessment of fire safety

2. a) Fire engineering approach process according to ČSN ISO 23932

2. b) Fire scenarios according to ČSN ISO 16733-1

2. c) Experimental determination of fire technical characteristics

2. d) Excursion and training in the fire laboratory UCEEB CTU in Prague

3. a) Evacuation and behavioral scenarios

3. b) Specifics of movement and behavior of people in an emergency

3. c) Mathematical modeling of the evacuation of people

4. a) Theory of fire dynamics

4. b) Development of fire in enclosed spaces

4. c) Design fire scenarios according to ČSN ISO 16733-2

4. d) Zone mathematical models of fire dynamics in enclosed spaces

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Introduction to exercises and assignments

2. General principles of the fire safety engineering process, boundaries of analysis, excursion to the fire laboratory UCEEB CTU in Prague

3. General principles of the fire safety engineering process, determination of fire scenarios, and fire safety design

4. to 7. Theory and modeling of evacuation of people (Pathfinder program)

8. to 9. Theory of fire dynamics

10. to 11. Zone fire models (CFAST program)

12. Final presentation (discussion) and submission of the semestral project

Study Objective:

The aim of the study is to familiarize students with the fire engineering approach to fire safety design of buildings and prepare them for its use. For this purpose, students will acquire theoretical knowledge and practical experience in the following key areas: formulation of objectives, criteria and scenarios for analysis, characteristics of people and detailed assessment of evacuation options, characteristics of fire and its modeling, analysis of obtained data, their evaluation and formulation of conclusions.

Study materials:

DRYSDALE, Dougal. An introduction to fire dynamics. 3rd ed. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley, 2011. ISBN 0470319038.

Friedman, R., Principles of Fire Protection Chemistry and Physics, 3 Edition, National Fire rd Protection Association, Quincy, Massachusetts, 1998.

Janssens, M.L., An Introduction to Mathematical Fire Modeling, 2 Edition, Technomic Publishing nd Company, Inc., Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 2000.

Rasbash, D.J., G. Ramachandran, B. Kandola, J.M. Watts, and M. Law, Evaluation of Fire Safety, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England, 2004.

Davenport, J.A., and R.P. Benedetti, Editors, Understanding Fire Protection for Flammable Liquids, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, Massachusetts, 2003.

Heskestad, G., “Flame Heights of Fuel Arrays with Combustion in Depth,” Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, International Association of Fire Safety Science, pp. 427–438, 1997

Smith, D.A., and G. Cox, “Major Chemical Species in Turbulent Diffusion Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Volume 91, pp. 226–238, 1992.

SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering. 3rd ed. Bethesda, Md.: Society of Fire Protection Engineers, c2002. ISBN 0877654514.

KARLSSON, Bjo?rn. a James G. QUINTIERE. Enclosure fire dynamics. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2000. ISBN 0849313007.

QUINTIERE, James G. Fundamentals of fire phenomena. Chichester: John Wiley, c2006. ISBN 0470091134.

Fire Dynamics Simulator User’s Guide. 6th ed. NIST, Fire Research Division Engineering Laboratory Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA, 2014.

FIRE DYNAMICS TOOLS An Educational Program to Improve the Level of Teaching Risk-Informed, Performance- based Fire Protection Engineering Assessment Methods

Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:

(lecture parallel1)
Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-07-23
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