Contamination and Methods of Decontamination 1

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Code Completion Credits Range
15KMD1 ZK 2 2P
Miroslava Semelová, Kateřina Čubová (guarantor)
Department of Nuclear Chemistry

The course is focused on the fundamental principles of contamination and decontamination from the preplanning and operational consideration till the future trends in this field. Part of the lectures is aimed at radioactive contamination with the emphasis corrosion products. Various methods of decontamination (mechanical, chemical, electrochemical, etc.) as well as decontamination of metal constructions, facilities, building surfaces, soils or persons are discussed in details. Attention is paid to the differences between decontamination during operation and decontamination during decommissioning. Basic health and safety requirements and economic aspects of different processes of decontamination are also discussed. Emerging techniques and future trends are briefly mentioned.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction

2. Preplanning and operational considerations

3. Radioactive contamination – the nature of contamination

4. Radioactive corrosion products in power reactors

5. Corrosion product transportation, activation and deposition

6. Monitoring, methods for the determination of contamination

7. Material characterization and radionuclide inventory

8. Chemical speciation of contaminants

9. Oxide dissolution

10. Legislation (limits)

11. Basics health and safety requirements

12. Decontamination decisions and process

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:
Study materials:

Key References:

1. A. L. Taboas: Decommissioning Handbook, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, U. S., 2004

2. G. Y. Park, Ch.-L. Kim: Chemical Decontamination Design for NPP Decommissioning and Considerations on its Methodology, Technical Paper, 2015, dostupné na http://www.jnfcwt.or.kr/journal/article.php?code=35871 (navštíveno 15. 4. 2019)

3. E. Feltcorn: Technology Reference Guide for Radiologically Contaminated Surfaces, EPA-402-R06-003, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2006

Recommended References:

4. New Methods and Techniques for Decontamination in Maintence or Decommissioning Operations, TECDOC 1022, IAEA, Vídeň, 1998, ISSN 1011-4289

5. Decontamination of Water Cooled Reactors, TECDOC 365, IAEA, Vídeň, 1994,. ISBN 92-0-101394-9

Time-table for winter semester 2021/2022:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2021/2022:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2022-08-16
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet5660906.html