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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2023/2024
UPOZORNĚNÍ: Jsou dostupné studijní plány pro následující akademický rok.

Physics I

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
E021026 Z,ZK 5 4P+2L English
Garant předmětu:
Lecturer:
Zuzana Budinská, Petr Ducháček, Miroslav Jílek, Jan Novák, Daniel Tischler, Václav Vacek
Tutor:
Zuzana Budinská, Petr Ducháček, Miroslav Jílek, Jan Novák, Daniel Tischler, Václav Vacek
Supervisor:
Department of Physics
Synopsis:

Kinematics and dynamics of a particle motion. Principle of conservation of energy. System of particles, centre of mass. Rigid body. Continuum, elastic properties of bodies. Oscillations, waves. Fluid mechanics. Temperature and heat transfer. Kinetic theory of gases. Thermodynamics. Electric field, current, conductivity, resistance. Conductors, semiconductors, insulators. Magnetic field. Magnetic materials. Electromagnetic field. Laboratories - accuracy of measurements, systematic and random errors, uncertainty of direct and indirect measurements, regression, measurements of 11 various experiments related to the lectures.

Requirements:

Assessment is given to the student who successfully finished lab experiments + seminars. The exam consists from a written part + oral part.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Physical quantities - vectors and scalars. Kinematics of a particle motion in one dimension.

2. Motion in two or three dimensions, circular motion. Newton's laws of motion. Galileian transformation.

3. Motion equations, applications. Dynamics of a circular motion. Work and energy. Principle of conservation of energy. Momentum, impulse, collisions. Centre of mass. Rigid body. Rotational and translational motions, the torque. Conservation of momentum and angular momentum.

4. Gravitation, Newton's law of universal gravitations. Potential and intensity of a gravitational filed, satellites. Fluid mechanics, surface tension.

5. Continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation. Viscosity. Temperature, heat, calorimetry. Internal energy, first law of thermodynamics.

6. Thermodynamic processes. The Carnot cycle. Equipartition of energy theorem. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy, probability, information.

7. Elasticity, stress, strain, elastic moduli. SHM, the physical pendulum, the simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance.

8. Mechanical waves, types, mathematical description, sound, beats, the Doppler effect.

9. Electric charge, electric filed, intensity. Electric flux, Gauss's law, electric potential.

10. Capacitors, capacitance, energy of electric field, Gauss' law in dielectrics.

11. Electric current, resistivity, resistance, electromotive force.

12. Direct-current circuits, Kirchhoff's rules, power and energy in electric circuits.

13. Magnetic field, the Hall effect, magnetic materials.

14. Mass spectrometer, cyclotron. Sources of magnetic filed, Ampere's law.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Laboratory experiments concern the topics corresponding the lectures. Students are dvided into groups of two and each student must have his/her own report from each measurement.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

Vesela E., Physics I, CTU Publishing House, Prague, 2017

Vesela E., Vacek V. Physics - Laboratory Experiments, CTU Publishinhg House, Prague 1999

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon
roomT4:B2-148
Ducháček P.
09:00–10:30
(lecture parallel1)
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
Tue
Wed
roomT4:B2-148
Ducháček P.
09:00–10:30
(lecture parallel1)
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
Thu
roomT4:B2-148
Ducháček P.
Novák J.

09:00–10:30
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
roomT4:B2-148
Ducháček P.
Novák J.

10:45–12:15
Dejvice
Laboratoř pro úvodní cvičení
Fri
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-13
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