Experimental Hydroclimatology

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
141XEXH Z 1 1P+1C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Michal Dohnal
Michal Dohnal
Michal Dohnal
Department of Hydraulics and Hydrology

The course offers a comprehensive overview of meteorological, hydrological and climatic measurements used for monitoring purposes in civil, environmental and water engineering. Emphasis is given to the principles of measurement. Measurement design, recent standards and normative guidelines are discussed.

In the second part, actual trends in monitoring are presented. An overview of mathematical modelling approaches in water and environmental engineering is also given.


Not applicable.

Syllabus of lectures:

Introduction, data sources, measurement design, standards, codes, calibration

Meteorological and climatic measurements - physical principles of measurement, history and modern times, examples of a selection of optimal sensors for monitoring in civil engineering and ecology (air and soil temperature, air pressure, dew point temperature, radiation, sunshine duration, air humidity, wind speed and direction)

Hydrological measurements (liquid, solid, settled precipitation, interception, flow measurement, water quality, groundwater, snow). Pressure and ultrasonic sensors. Tracer experiments.

Methods for estimating, measuring, and calculating soil evaporation and vegetation cover transpiration (evaporation basins, transpiration flux measurements - Granier and HFD method including evaluation, lysimeters, eddy covariance method).

Data analysis (integrity analysis, replacement of missing data - e.g., calculation of extraterestrial radiation, correlation of neighboring rain gauge stations, verification of air humidity measurements)

Local hydrological influence on ground gravimetric measurements, use of GRACE satellite mission, and remote sensing.

Monitoring of anthropogenic soil systems. Extensive and intensive green roofs and grass pavements. Engineering, hydrological, climatic, and ecological functions of these systems in urbanized watersheds.

A brief overview of modeling options in hydrology, biology, and ecology. Inverse modeling.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Participation in field measurements according to the student's area of expertise.

Study Objective:

Acquiring the basic knowledge needed to design meteorological or climate monitoring.

Study materials:

Gordon, N.D., McMahon, T.A. a Finlayson, B.L. 1992: Stream Hydrology. An Introduction for Ecologists. John Wiley & Sons.

Shaw, E.M. 2004: Hydrology in Practise. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-04-17
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