Modelling the Dynamics of Fire and Evacuation

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
124MDPE Z,ZK 7 3P+3C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Architectural Engineering

The course is focused on current topics of fire engineering (so-called performance-based design) in the area of specific behavior of people during evacuation and fire dynamics in buildings. The content builds on the previous basic knowledge of the students in the prescriptive evaluation of fire safety of buildings using standard procedures, table values or simplified mathematical relationships. The course is also focused on the behavior and experimental determination of fire technical characteristics of building materials, the principles of fire dynamics and development in the closed space of the building in the form of analytical relationships and mathematical simulations (zone and CFD fire models), including modeling the behavior of people during evacuation.



Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction to the subject, motivation, simplified vs. advanced design procedures assessment of fire safety, history, present state

2. a) Fire technical characteristics of materials

2. b) Experimental determination of fire technical characteristics

2. c) Excursion and training in the fire laboratory UCEEB CTU

3. a) Specifics of movement and behavior of persons

3. b) Description and mathematical modeling of the evacuation of people

4. a) Theory of fire dynamics

4. b) Development of fire in enclosed spaces

4. c) Fire plume and flame height

4. d) Pressure profiles and flow in vents for a well-ventilated fire in the room

4. e) Gas temperatures in a ventilated room

4. f) Zone mathematical models of fire dynamics in enclosed spaces

5. CFD mathematical models of fire dynamics in enclosed spaces

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Introduction to exercises, assignments

2. UCEEB CTU - excursion to the fire laboratory

3. Presentation 1 (check point)

4. and 5. Theory and modeling of evacuation of persons

6. and 7. Theory of fire dynamics

8. Zone fire models (ARGOS, CFAST programs)

9. and 10. Fluid dynamics modeling (FDS program)

11. Semestral project + control

12. Final presentation (discussion) and submission of the semestral project

Study Objective:

The aim of the study is to familiarize students with the fire engineering approach to fire safety design of buildings and prepare them for its use. For this purpose, students will acquire theoretical knowledge and practical experience in the following key areas: formulation of objectives, criteria and scenarios for analysis, characteristics of people and detailed assessment of evacuation options, characteristics of fire and its modeling, analysis of obtained data, their evaluation and formulation of conclusions.

Study materials:

DRYSDALE, Dougal. An introduction to fire dynamics. 3rd ed. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley, 2011. ISBN 0470319038.

Friedman, R., Principles of Fire Protection Chemistry and Physics, 3 Edition, National Fire rd Protection Association, Quincy, Massachusetts, 1998.

Janssens, M.L., An Introduction to Mathematical Fire Modeling, 2 Edition, Technomic Publishing nd Company, Inc., Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 2000.

Rasbash, D.J., G. Ramachandran, B. Kandola, J.M. Watts, and M. Law, Evaluation of Fire Safety, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England, 2004.

Davenport, J.A., and R.P. Benedetti, Editors, Understanding Fire Protection for Flammable Liquids, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, Massachusetts, 2003.

Heskestad, G., “Flame Heights of Fuel Arrays with Combustion in Depth,” Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, International Association of Fire Safety Science, pp. 427–438, 1997

Smith, D.A., and G. Cox, “Major Chemical Species in Turbulent Diffusion Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Volume 91, pp. 226–238, 1992.

SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering. 3rd ed. Bethesda, Md.: Society of Fire Protection Engineers, c2002. ISBN 0877654514.

KARLSSON, Bjo?rn. a James G. QUINTIERE. Enclosure fire dynamics. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2000. ISBN 0849313007.

QUINTIERE, James G. Fundamentals of fire phenomena. Chichester: John Wiley, c2006. ISBN 0470091134.

Fire Dynamics Simulator User’s Guide. 6th ed. NIST, Fire Research Division Engineering Laboratory Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA, 2014.

FIRE DYNAMICS TOOLS An Educational Program to Improve the Level of Teaching Risk-Informed, Performance- based Fire Protection Engineering Assessment Methods

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-24
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