Solid State Theory
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

11SST  ZK  6  4+0  English 
 Vztahy:
 It is not possible to register for the course 11SST if the student is concurrently registered for or has already completed the course 11TPL1 (mutually exclusive courses).
 Garant předmětu:
 Štefan Zajac
 Lecturer:
 Štefan Zajac
 Tutor:
 Štefan Zajac
 Supervisor:
 Department of Solid State Engineering
 Synopsis:

Types of bonds in solids. Symmetry of crystalline solids. Vibrations of crystalline lattice and its thermal properties. Band electron structure of crystalline solids. Localized states of electrons in nonideal solids. Thermal, electric, magnetic and optical properties of solids.
 Requirements:

Elementary quantum mechanics and statistical physics
 Syllabus of lectures:

1. Fundamental questions in the theory of solids. Phenomenological and microscopic approaches. Types of bonds in solids. Schrödinger Fundamental questions in the theory of solids. Phenomenological and microscopic approaches. Types of bonds in solids. 2. Schrödinger equation for solids. Adiabatic approximation in the description of motion of electrons and nuclei. Description of symmetry of crystalline solids by group theory. 3. Vibrations of atoms in crystal lattice and its thermal properties. Harmonic approximation and normal coordinates. Acoustic and optical branches of vibrations of atoms in crystals, vibration spectrum of real crystals. Phonons as quasiparticles of collective vibrations of atoms in crystalline lattice. 4. Phonon specific heat of solids. Interaction of vibrating crystalline lattice with electromagnetic radiation and neutrons. 5. Theory of electrons in ideal crystalline solids. The Hartree  Fock approximation of self  consistent field. 6. Bloch theory of motion of electrons in a periodic electric field in the crystal. 7. Band energy spectrum, density of states, quasimomentum of itinerant electrons, the approximation of effective mass. Positive holes in an almost completely filled electron bands. 8. Basic methods of calculation of band electron structure of solids  the method of nearly free electrons, the method of tightly bound electrons, the augmented plane wave and orthogonalized plane wave methods, the pseudopotential method. Band structure of various types of solids ( metals, semimetals, semiconductors, insulators ). 9. Fermi surfaces of energy of itinerant electrons in metals. Properties of electrons in valence and conduction bands in semiconductors. 10. Electron theory of real solids. Wannier theory of motion of electrons in perturbed periodic electric field. 11. Localized states of itinerant electrons in crystals with imperfections. Tamm surface states. Donor and acceptor energy levels of impurities in semiconductors. 12. Frenkel and Mott  Wannier models of excitons. 13. Localized states of electrons in disordered solids. 14. Thermal, electric and magnetic properties of solids in statistical equilibrium. 15. Optical and transport phenomena in metals and semiconductors.
 Syllabus of tutorials:
 Study Objective:

Knowledge:
Theoretical solid state physics.
Skills:
Theoretical methods of description of dynamics of crystalline lattices and of band electron structure of ideal and real solids.
 Study materials:

Key references:
[1]. Anselm A.I.: Introduction to Semiconductor Theory, Mir Publishers Moscow 1981.
Recommended references:
[2]. Harrison A.: Solid State Theory, McGraw Hill, New York 1970.
[3] Kittel Ch. : Introduction to Solid State Physics, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York 2005.
 Note:
 Timetable for winter semester 2023/2024:
 Timetable is not available yet
 Timetable for summer semester 2023/2024:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans: