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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2023/2024

Hydroecological monitoring and modeling

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
141YHMM Z,ZK 6 3P+2C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Michal Dohnal
Lecturer:
Michal Dohnal, Jaromír Dušek, Tomáš Vogel, Jana Votrubová
Tutor:
Michal Dohnal, Jaromír Dušek, Tomáš Vogel, Jana Votrubová
Supervisor:
Department of Hydraulics and Hydrology
Synopsis:

General principles of meteorological measurement, data resources, and measurement design. Meteorological and climatic measurements. Hydrological measurements. Tracers in experimental hydrology. Remote sensing for hydrology and meteorology. Evapotranspiration measurements. Data analysis. Modeling in hydrology. Modeling in ecology and biology. Inverse modeling.

Requirements:

Not applicable.

Syllabus of lectures:

Introduction, data resources, design of measurements, standards, standards, calibration, selection of one of the optional follow-up topics for independent study (the student chooses a topic from the annually updated list - e.g. flash floods, photometeors, surface runoff, wind speed scales, etc. or after consultation with the lecturer, a topic of his/her own).

Meteorological and climatic measurements - physical principles of measurement, history, and present, examples of the selection of optimal sensors for monitoring in construction and ecology (air and soil temperature, air pressure, dew point temperature, radiation, sunshine duration, air humidity, wind speed, and direction).

Hydrological measurements (liquid, solid, deposited precipitation, interception, streamflow discharge measurement, water quality, groundwater, snow). Tracer experiments. Pressure and ultrasonic sensors.

Methods for estimating, measuring, and calculating soil evaporation and vegetation cover transpiration (evaporation pans, transpiration flux measurements - Granier and HFD method including evaluation, lysimeters, eddy covariance method).

Data analysis (integrity analysis, replacement of missing data - e.g. calculation of extraterrestrial radiation, correlation of adjacent rain gauge stations, calibration and control of humidity measurements).

Gravimetric measurements, local hydrological influence on ground measurements, use of GRACE satellite mission, and remote sensing.

Monitoring of anthropogenic soil systems. Extensive and intensive green roofs, and grass pavers. Engineering, hydrological, climatic, and ecological functions of these systems in urbanized watersheds.

A brief overview of modeling options in hydrology, biology, and ecology. Inverse modeling.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Statistical analysis of meteorological data series and checking the accuracy of relative humidity measurements.

Calculation of Rn from extraterrestrial radiation.

Energy balance of snow cover and „Degree day method“.

Replacement of measurements by correlations of rain gauge stations.

Calculation of evaporation intensity from the water surface.

Possible participation in field measurements according to the student's area of expertise.

Study Objective:

Understanding of the general principles of meteorological, climatic, and hydrological measurements. Introduction to the basics of mathematical modeling in environmental sciences and inverse modeling.

Study materials:

Shaw, E.M. 2004: Hydrology in Practice. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN:0415370426.

Bednář, J. 2003: Meteorologie: Úvod do studia dějů v zemské atmosféře. Portál. ISBN:80-7178-653-5.

Kemel, M. 2000: Klimatologie, Meteorologie, Hydrologie, ČVUT. ISBN:80-01-01456-8.

Gordon, N.D., McMahon, T.A. a Finlayson, B.L. 1992: Stream Hydrology. An Introduction for Ecologists. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN: 0470843586.

Arya, P.S. 2001: Introduction to micrometeorology. Academic Press. ISBN:0120593548.

Průvodce oborem hydrologie NTK - https://www.techlib.cz/cs/83720-hydrologie

Measurement Uncertainty Analysis Principles and Methods - NASA Measurement Quality Assurance Handbook. 2010.

Note:
Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon
Tue
roomTH:B-880

16:00–18:50
(lecture parallel1)
Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)
B880
Wed
roomTH:B-880

17:00–18:50
(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)
B880
Thu
Fri
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-04-17
Aktualizace výše uvedených informací naleznete na adrese https://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet4139206.html