Physics for Bachelors

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
17PBPFBA Z 2 1P+1S Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection

The goal is to create a physical pillar for further study. In the course of reciting the basics of mechanics, relativistic physics, basic electricity and magnetism, basic geometric and wave optics.


Credit will consist of written part of the contents of lectures given and independent study. In the test, the student may use literature, Internet, mobile phone or consult with other students. The oral part of the credit is only in the case of an ambiguous test evaluation.

The written test is part of the combined credit of:

- ABC-type answers (possibly more correct answers) - correctly answered question 1 point

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (very important issues) - 5 points

- The answer when it is necessary to respond in writing (conversion relationships, etc.) - 1 point

- The answer when it will be necessary to demonstrate the mathematical and physical knowledge (examples, etc.) - 5 - 15 points depending on the complexity of the issue

Students can reach the maximum number of 80 points, with the successful execution of the credit is necessary to achieve 60 points or more (75%).

Rating ECTS:

A good 100-90 (excellent)

B 89-80 very good (very good)

C 79-70 well (good)

D 69-60 satisfactory (satisfactory)

E 59-50 enough (sufficient)

F 49-0 failed (failed)

Syllabus of lectures:

Current status of physics and its applications, the role of theoretical, experimental and applied physics.

Definitions of quantities and units in physics. SI system of units: base, supplementary and derived units.

Conversions between different units.

Overview of mechanics, including motion of a particle, mechanical energy and rigid body mechanics, liquids and gases.

Electricity and magnetism. Electric and magnetic fields. Electrical components and circuits. Electromagnetic waves and spectrums.

Construction of the atom and its nucleus. Radioactive decay. Properties of ionizing radiation.

Interaction of ionizing radiation with matter. Quantities and units used in radiation dosimeters and radiation protection.

Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Characteristics of deterministic and stochastic effects.

Monitoring of ionizing radiation and radioactivity. Measurements of external radiation and radioactive contamination.

Overview of the main applications of ionizing radiation and radionuclides in medicine, industry and science. Protection against radiation. Non-ionizing radiation.

Properties of light and its passage through matter.

Principle of lasers and their applications in medicine and the principles of protection when working with lasers.

Presentation of seminar papers.

Evaluation of seminar papers.

Exercise Outline

Quantities and units in physics. Conversion coefficients and transfers.

Application of non-ionizing radiation in medicine, industry and science

The application of ionizing radiation in medicine, industry and science, and

The application of ionizing radiation in medicine, industry and science II

Protection against sources of non-ionizing and ionizing radiation

Seminar recitation semester work

Granting Credit

Syllabus of tutorials:


Study Objective:

Students develop an understanding of basic physical laws and phenomena. They learn to count with physical formulas to convert physical units.

Study materials:

[1] Svoboda, E. a kol.: Přehled středoškolské fyziky, Prometeus, Praha, 2006

[2] Lepil, O., Bednařík, M. a Hýblová, R.: Fyzika II, Prometeus, Praha, 2006

[3] Beiser, A.: Úvod do moderní fyziky, Academia, Praha, 1975

[4] Navrátil, L., Rosina, J. a kol.: Biofyzika v medicíně, Grada, Praha, 2003

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-07-16
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