Foundations and Hydrogeology

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
135ZSH Z,ZK 7 4P+2C Czech
In order to register for the course 135ZSH, the student must have registered for the course 135GM2I no later than in the same semester.
The course 135ZSH can be graded only after the course 135GM2I has been successfully completed.
The requirement for course 135ZSH can be fulfilled by substitution with the course 135ZSV.
Garant předmětu:
Jan Kos, Jana Tourková, Jan Valenta
Jan Kos, Jakub Nedvěd, Ondřej Nol, Jan Schröfel, Jana Tourková, Jan Valenta
Linda Černá Vydrová, Taťana Holoušová, Daniel Jirásko, Jan Kos, Jiří Košťál, Jakub Nedvěd, Ondřej Nol, Jan Salák, Jan Schröfel, Jana Tourková, Jan Valenta
Department of Geotechnics

Principles of design of foundation structures according to Eurocode principles. Types of foundation structures. Building pits. Basic information on the hydrogeological environment and groundwater chemistry. Aggressive waters. Groundwater tapping.


Completion of 135GM01 and 135GM02.

Requirements for credit and examination: completion of assignments in the practicums and passing a written test at the end of the semester.

Syllabus of lectures:

Week 1: Introduction to the subject, design principles, geotechnical categories; Groundwater origin - hydrological cycle.

Week 2: Strength and deformation characteristics of soils, flat foundations; Hydraulic properties of rock environment.

Week 3: M.S. failure and serviceability of flat foundations, settlement calculation; Hydrogeological characteristics of rocks and environment.

Week 4: Deep foundations - typology, pile foundations, pile technology; Groundwater chemistry and its evaluation.

Week 5: Axial bearing capacity of isolated piles, pile load testing; Hydrogeological structures, groundwater regime.

Week 6: Transverse load capacity of piles, pile group; Principles of groundwater extraction, extraction, observation and indication objects.

Week 7: Micropiles, anchors, technology; Hydrodynamic testing - design, execution, evaluation.

Week 8: Conventional and jet injection, underground walls; Hydrogeological maps and maps for environmental protection.

Week 9: Construction pits, technology of construction pits; Groundwater contamination.

Week 10: Principles for design and assessment of casing structures, earth pressure, water effect; Tracers in hydrogeology.

Week 11: Calculation of casing structures, pressure dependent methods; Groundwater in construction.

Week 12: Dewatering of construction pits; Basics of regional hydrogeology.

Week 13: Protection of foundation structures from the effects of aggressive environments; Unsaturated zone + hydrogeological legislation.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Geological and engineering geological maps, construction of profiles from maps. Principles of designing foundation structures according to Eurocode.

2. Design of probing works, documentation of probing works, construction of probe profiles. Design of flat foundations, calculation of bearing capacity and settlement.

3. Measurement of structural elements and their practical display. Design principles and calculations of bearing capacity and settlement of pile foundations.

4. Standards of rock classification used in the evaluation of engineering geology. Micropiles, anchors - principles of design and assessment.

5. Evaluation of hydrogeological data for engineering geological investigation. Calculation of shoring structures, pressure dependent methods.

6. Introduction to presentation of results of engineering geological survey. Construction pits - types, possibilities of use. Calculation of casing structures.

7. Excursion - practical demonstration of survey works, construction pits, foundation (according to the immediate situation).

Study Objective:

The aim of the study is to understand the interrelation and interaction of the subjects of building foundation and hydrogeology, methods of engineering geological and hydrogeological research and subsequent use in the construction of building structures in interaction with the subsoil.

It is recommended to attend the 135YTIG (1 week) field course in engineering geology.

Study materials:

Masopust, Jan. Zakládání staveb 1 : skripta. 1. vydání. Praha : ČTN ČVUT, 2015, 2018. 166 s. ISBN 978-80-01-05837-4.

Masopust, Jan. Zakládání staveb 2 : skripta. 1. vydání. Praha : ČTN ČVUT, 2016, 2017. 192 s. ISBN 978-80-01-05938-8.

Turček, Peter a kol. Zakládání staveb. 2. vydání. Bratislava : Jaga group, s. r. o., 2005. 303 s. ISBN 80-8076-023-3.

Tourková, J, Hydrogeologie: skripta. 1. vydání, Praha: ČVUT, 1999, 165 s. ISBN 80-010-1501-7

Fetter C. W., Applied Hydrogeology (4th Edition), Prentice Hall, 2014, ISBN-13: 978-0130882394

Vaníček, Ivan a kol. Projektování základových a zemních konstrukcí : skripta. 1. vydání. Praha : ČTN ČVUT, 2016. 314 s. ISBN 978-80-01-05913-5.

Further information:
Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:

(lecture parallel1)
Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)

(lecture parallel1
parallel nr.101)

Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)

(lecture parallel1)
Thákurova 7 (budova FSv)
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-05-18
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