Selected Nanostructures Chapters

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12VKNS KZ 2 2+0 Czech
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Department of Laser Physics and Photonics

The set of lectures is divided into two parts - first six two-hours lectures treats with theoretical base of nanoelectronics. The next - eight one-hour specialised lectures will be focused on selected nanoelectronic materials. The last two lessons are reserved for preparation and presentation of semestral works. Their parameters and quality of their presentation will serve for student evaluation (classified credit). The first part will contains: theoretical fundaments of nanostructures; transport within them; their optical properties; microscopic nanocharacterisation (STM, AFM) and nanomanipulation and nanolithography; role of surfaces and boundaries in nanostructures, spintronics. The specialised part will contain: properties and application of dielectrics with nanoscopic structures; computer simulation of nanosystems; preparation and characterisation of: nanocrystalic silicon; carbon graphen structures; A(III)B(V) nanostructures (QD, QW); nanodiamant thin layers for optics, biosensors and MEMS; Raman spectroscopy for nanostructures; nanocomposits of magnetic materials for biomedical applications.


Basic course of Quantum Physics, for better understanding also Solid State Physics, eventually Crystallography.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Theoretical fundamentals of nanostructures.

2. Transport in nanostructures.

3. Microscopic nanocharacterization (STM, AFM), nanomanipulation, nanolithography.

4. Surfaces and boundaries in nanostructures.

5. Spintronics.

6. Optical properties of nanomaterials.

7a. Properties and applications of dielectrics with nanoscopic structures.

7b. Computer simulations of nanosystens.

8a. Nanocrystalic silicon - preparation and characterization.

8b. Carbon graphen structures.

9a A(III)B(V) nanostructures (QD, QW).

9b. Nanodiamant thin layers for optics, biosensors and MEMS.

10a. Raman spectroscopy for nanostructures.

10b. Nanocomposits of magnetic materials for biomedical applications.

11. - 13. Preparation and presentation of seminar works.

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:

Knowledge: knowledge of theoretical fundamentals of nanoelectronics, selected types of nanostructures and nanomaterials as well as basic semiconductor (nano)technologies (MBE, MOVPE and EBL).

Skills: orientation in the field of nanoelectronics, selected types of nanostructures and nanomaterials as well as of basic semiconductor (nano)technologies. Skills of independent and critical work with sources, preparation and presentation based on the selected topic.

Study materials:

Compulsory literature:

[1] L. Frank, J. Král, Eds., Metody analýzy povrchu, iontové, sondové a speciální metody, Academia, 2002.

[2] P. Y. Yu, M. Cardona, Fundamentals of Semiconductors, 3rd Edition, Springer Verlag, 2003.

Supplementary literature:

[3] S. Datta: Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems, Cambridge University Press, 1995.

[4] V. L. Mironov, Fundamentals of Scanning Probe Microscopy, The textbook for students of the senior courses of higher educational institutions, Russian academy of science, Institute of physics of microstructures, 2004.

[5] A. Zangwill, Physics at Surfaces, Cambridge University Press, 1996.

[6] N. Peyghambarian, S.W. Koch, A. Mysyrowicz, Introduction to Semiconductor Optics, Prentice Hall, 1993.

[7] S.V. Gaponenko, Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Cambridge University Press, 1998.

[8] D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N. N. Ledentsov, Quantum dots heterostructures, Wiley, 1999.

[9] M. Grundmann, Ed., Nano-Optoelectronics, Springer-Verlag, 2002.

[10] R. Waser, Nanoelectronics and information technology, Wiley-VCH, 2003 (pp. 31-78, 527-590).

[11] I. Nezbeda, J. Kolafa, M. Kotrla, Úvod do počítačových simulací: Metody Monte Carlo a molekulární dynamiky, Karolinum, 2003.

[12] W. Koch, M. C. Holthausen, A Chemist's Guide to Density Functional Theory, Wiley-VCH, 2002.

[13] R. Schropp, M. Zeman, Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Solar Cells, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998.

[14] 18. V. A. Schuskin, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, Epitaxy of Nanostructures, Springer-Verlag, 2004.

[15] M. A. Herman, W. Richter, H. Sitter, Epitaxy, Springer-Verlag, 2004.

[16] E.Smith, G. Den, Modern Raman Spectroscopy - A Practical Approach, Wiley & Sons, 2005.

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-07-16
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