Solid State Physics
- Garant předmětu:
- Department of Physics
Classification of solids, advanced materials, bonds in solids, crystal system, crystallographic defects. Heat capacity of solids. Electrical conductivity, Sommerfeld model. Energy band model, energy band structure of metals, semi-metals, insulators and semiconductors. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, PN junction, semiconductor and solid-state lasers. Thermoelectric and magnetoelectric effects. Magnetic properties of solids. Superconductivity.
Understanding physics at the level of the courses Physics I and Physics II.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1. Crystals, polycrystalic and amorphous materials, metal glasses, fullerenes, nanotubes.
2. Bonds in solids, crystal structures, crystal lattice deffects.
3. Oscillations of atoms, phonons, model of 1D lattice, first Brillouin zone.
4. Heat capacity of solids, classical and quantum models, gas of electrons.
5. Electrical conductivity of metals, Sommerfeld model, application on photoelectric
6. Basics of energy band model of metals, semi-metals, semiconductors, concentration of
7. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, local impurity states, PN junction.
8. Metal-semiconductor junctions, basic semiconductor components.
9. Fundamentals of laser theory, semiconductor and solid-state lasers.
10.Basic thermoelectrical and galvanomagnetical effects: Seebeck, Peltier and Hall.
11. Diamagnetism and paramagnetism, experimental facts, physical principles, applications.
12. Ferromagnetism, experimental facts, physical principle, hysteresis loop, Curie
point,soft and hard ferromagnetical materials, applications.
13. Superconductivity, experimental facts, physical principle, high temperature
- Syllabus of tutorials:
Selected examples of new knowledge in solid state physics applied in technology: nanostructured materials, thermocouples, thermistors, components using giant magnetoresistance, solid-state lasers. Exursion to the specialized laboratories.
- Study Objective:
To provide students with basic knowledge of solid state physics which are necessary for understnding of mechanical, electrical and magnetical properties of materials. Further to provide them with the up-to-date data concerning the applications of solid state physics in the field of nanomaterials, semiconducting and fotonical components. The course includes tutorial dedicated to the particular examples with special emphasis on applications in machines and technologies.
- Study materials:
Kittel, Ch. : Introduction to solid state physics, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York 1978 and later editions
Thornton S.T., Rex A. : Modern physics for scientists and engineers, Saunders College Publishing, New York, 1993
Krane K.S., Modern Physics, John Wiley&Sons, 1983
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: