Nuclear Chemistry 1
- Garant předmětu:
- Department of Nuclear Chemistry
Concept and history of nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry, nuclear entities, nuclear reactions, natural and artificial radioactivity. Kinetics of nuclear reactions, laws of radioactive decay. Energetics of nuclear reactions, mass and energy balance of nuclei and energy of alpha, beta decay, gamma deexcitation in nuclear reactions.
The course will be inderstood by students who master basic knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics at the undergraduate level.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1.Concept and history of nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry and their place among scientific disciplines.
2.Subatomic structure of matter, atomic nucleus, its description, properties and stability.
3.Nuclear reactions, their classification, characteristics and mechanism.
4.Natural and artificial radioactivity, natural decay chains.
5.Kinetics of nuclear reactions: kinetic laws of radioactive decay, parameters characterizing the rate of radioactive decay.
6.Activity and amount of radionuclide.
7.Kinetics of formation of radionuclides.
8.Activity of a system of independent radionuclides.
9.Radionuclides in genetic sequence, radioactive equilibria, kinetics of dual transformations.
10.Energetics of nuclear reactions: nuclear energy, exoenergetic and endoenergetic reactions, nuclear binding energy.
11.Energy of alpha decay, energy of beta decay, gamma deexcitation in nuclear reactions.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1.Description and taxonomy of nuclear reactions.
2.Activity and amount of radionuclide.
3.Kinetics of simple radioactive decay.
4.Kinetics of decay of the system of independent radionuclides.
5.Kinetics of transformations in radioactive chains.
- Study Objective:
Aim of the course is to give students basic knowledge of the properties of matter and of chemical and physicochemical phenomena originating from or affected by atomic nucleus and its transformations.
- Study materials:
1. Key reference: W.D.Loveland, D.J.Morissay, G.T.Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry, Wiley-Interscience 2006, or G.Choppin, J.O.Liljenzin, J.Rydberg: Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry, Butterworth.Heineman 2002 (http://jol.liljemzin.see/BOOK.HTM)
2. Recommended references: A.Vértes et al. (Eds.), Handbook of Nuclear Chemistry, Kluwer, Dordrecht 2003.
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: