Physical Chemistry 4
- Garant předmětu:
- Department of Nuclear Chemistry
In the first part of the Physical chemistry 4 devoted to reaction kinetics, the course is focused on the reaction rate, isolated reactions of various orders, simultaneous reactions,
flow-through reactors and temperature dependence of the rate constants. Hard-sphere
collision theory, activated-complex theory and chemical dynamics are thoroughly discussed here. The chain reactions of atoms and free radicals and reactions in liquid solutions are discussed, too. These subjects are traind by solving of selected reaction systems.
In the second part of the course, the students are taught essentials of solids, particularly the types of bonds in solids, crystal structure and its description and crystal symetry. The attention is also devoted to the origin of X-radiation and its use for crystal structure studies. The Debye-Scherrer?s method and its application in various cases is thoroughly described here.
Differential and integral calculus, general chemistry
- Syllabus of lectures:
1.Rates and orders of chemical reactions
2.First-, second-, third- and other order reactions
3.Simultaneous reactions and flow- through reactors
4.Temperature and rates
5.Various theories of reaction rates
6.Chain and fast reactions
7.Reactions in liquid solutions
8.Various kinds of bonds in solids and crystal lattices
9.Crystal systems and Miller Indices.
10.Origin of X-rays and their detection.
11.Bragg`s law and . Debye - Scherrer?s method
12.X-ray diffraction in various applications
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1.Various expression of reaction rate, the rate constant
2.First and second order reactions, kinetic equations of power type.
3,Determination of the reaction order by integral method.
4.Determination of reaction order by differential method.
5.Determination of the reaction order by half-lives method.
6.Chemical kinetics of homogeneous systems.
10.Mechanism of chain reactions.
11.Temperature dependence of reaction rate, calculation of the activation energy.
12.Introduction to the kinetic of heterogeneous reactions.
- Study Objective:
The course provides the students with the knowledge of the fundamentals of reaction kinetics as well as the structure of solids. The students will acquire competence to solve basic problems of reaction kinetics and to investigate the basic parameters of crystal structures.
- Study materials:
1,Atkins P., de Paula J.: Physical Chemistry, seventh edition. Oxford University
press, Oxford, New York 2002
Levine I. N.: Physical Chemistry, 3th edition, McGraw-Hill Boock Company
1.Chang, R.: Chemistry, ninth edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2007
2.C. Murphy, B. Hathaway: Physical Chemistry Calculation. Royal Society of Chemistry, 1997
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans:
- Jaderná chemie (compulsory course of the specialization)