Waste Management and Treatment
- Garant předmětu:
- Martin Kubal
- Martin Kubal
- Department of Nuclear Chemistry
The course deals with the importance of waste for the national economy, with the various technologies for their recovery and disposal and with the optimal measures for prevention and minimization of their production and adverse impacts on the environment. At the beginning of course principal legislative measurements in waste management, waste sources and origin and hazardous properties of waste are mentioned. Further, principal technologies of waste treatment (recycling, landfilling, thermal processes, biological processes, physico-chemical processes), methods of their recovery and disposal and the technological and organisational measures for their prevention and minimisation are discussed in detail.
Knowledge of basic chemical disciplines (inorganic, organic and analytical chemistry) and chemical engineering at undergraduate level is required.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1. Principal legislation of waste management (law on waste, law on atmosphere, law on packages, EU Direction 98/2008).
2. Waste types and origin (municipal, industrial, agricultural, construction/demolition, hospital, radioactive).
3. Information systems on waste management, amount of waste produced in the Czech Republic.
4. Waste recycling, recycling potential of various industries.
5. Waste landfilling, landfill types, biochemical processes in landfill.
6.Waste landfill aftercare, determination of point od release from aftercare.
7. Thermal processes of waste treatment - principles and application (incineration, pyrolysis, plasma technology, gasification )
8. Environmental impact of waste incineration - release of contaminants from flue gases.
9. Biological processes of waste treatment - aerobic (composting), anaerobic (biogas production).
10. Physical processes of waste treatment (distillation, extraction, adsorption, stripping ).
11. Chemical processes of waste treatment (oxidation, reduction, neutralization, hydrolysis, photolysis).
12. Organisational measures for waste minimisation - given by law and voluntaries.
13. Technological measures for minimisation of waste and their hazardous properties (cleaner production, responsible care).
- Syllabus of tutorials:
- Study Objective:
In the course students will gain knowledge about the principal processes of waste management and treatment and about technological and organisational measures of waste prevention and minimisation, including relevant legislation of the Czech Republic and European Union (including new Direction on waste 98/2008). Further they will be informed about the reasons of waste generation and types of waste according to their origin (municipal, industrial, construction/demolition, agricultural, hospital) and about hazardous properties of waste and the principal technologies for their recovery and disposal. Based on these knowledges they will gain competence for the correct application and innovation of technological and organisational processes of waste management.
- Study materials:
Kanti L. Shah, Basics of Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Technology, Prentice Hall 1999
1.George Tchobanoglous, et al.: Integrated Solid Waste Management: Engineering Principles and Management Issues, McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math; 1993.
2.L.K.Wang et al.: Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Waste Treatment, CRC Press 2009. .
3.G.Tchobanoglous, F. Kreith: Handbook of Solid Waste Management, McGrawHill, 2002
4.B.B. Bilitewski et al.: Waste Management, Springer Verlag, 1997.
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans:
- Jaderná chemie (elective course)