Hydrology and Pedology
- Department of Nuclear Chemistry
The course provides informations about the precipitation and movement of water in the environment, measurements and evaluation of relevant data. It includes basic hydrology, emphasizing and understanding the concepts, principles and ideas of hydrologic processes, infiltration and soil water processes. Hydrology of reservoirs, wetlands and ground water is also presented.
Basic knowledge of inorganic, organic and physical chemistry, mathematics and physics at udergraduate level.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1.Hydrosphere, hydrology, hydrological data, monitoring, classification and evaluation. Statistics and probability in hydrology. Frequency and distribution.
2.Meteorology and the hydrologic cycle. The atmosphere, water vapor, solar energy, wind, temperature. Weather systems, convective, orographic, cyclonic storms. Hydrologic cycle as mass balance.
3.Precipitation, the formation of precipitation, classification and measurement.
4.Average watershed precipitation. Rainfall excess, rainfall intensity. Runoff hydrographs, properties, records.
5.Evaporation, transpiration, evapotranspiration, measurement and evaluation of data.
6.Hydrology of surface water. Characterization of the watershed, watershed discharge. Riverstreams network. Streamflow, classification, measurement, computation.
7.Volume and peak discharge management.
8.Hydrology of lakes and reservoirs, swamps and peat bogs.
9.Land systems, (geosphere), minerals, clays, soils. Inorganic and organic parts of soil, soil water. Energetic categories of soil water. Soil wetness, measurement, unsaturated, saturated soil.
10.Groundwater hydrology, porosity, permeability, factors affecting permeability.
11.Aquifers and springs, movement of groundwater, flow in a confined aquifer, in an unconfined aquifer.
12.Infiltration and drainage, well systems.
13.Hydrology of urban areas.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
- Study Objective:
In this course students will gain good knowledge of basic relations between water in its various forms and basic components of the environment and thus knowledge of the hydrologic cycle. Herewith they will gain competence for understanding and description of movement of water in all components of the environment and its role in the transport of pollutants.
- Study materials:
Andy D. Ward, Stanley W. Trimble - Environmental Hydrology. Second edition. Lewis Publishers, 2004
Kutílek, M., Nielsen, D.R. : Soil Hydrology, Cremlingen-Destet, Catena, 1994
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans:
- Jaderná chemie (elective course)