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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2023/2024

Atomic Physics

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
12AF Z,ZK 4 4+0 Czech
Garant předmětu:
Milan Šiňor
Lecturer:
Milan Šiňor
Tutor:
Milan Šiňor
Supervisor:
Department of Laser Physics and Photonics
Synopsis:

Black-body radiation, basic experiments (Millikan's, Franck-Hertz§s, Rutherford's), photons, wave-particle duality, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, potential well, Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom, Schroedinger equation, optical spectra (hydrogen, alkali atoms), spin, Pauli exclusion principle, shell model, periodic system, X-ray spectra, Moseley's law, Zeeman effect, Stark effect, fine and hyperfine structure, intensity of spectral lines, spectral terms.

Requirements:
Syllabus of lectures:

1) Mass and size of the atom. Isotopes. Nucleus of the atom. Photon, electron.

2) Some basic properties of matter waves.

3) Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom

4) Mathematical framework of quantum theory

5) Quantum mechanics of the hydrogen atom

6) Lifting of the orbital degeneracy in the spectra of alkali atoms

7) Orbital and spin magnetism. Fine structure.

8) Atoms in a magnetic field: Experiments and their semiclassical description.

9) Atoms in a magnetic field: Quantum mechanical treatment.

10) Atoms in a electric field. General laws of optical transitions

11) Many-electron atoms

12) X-ray spectra, internal shells

13) Structure of the periodic system. Ground states of the elements.

14) Nuclear spin. Hyperfine structure.

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:

Knowledge:

Understanding to basic quantum-mechanical description of one- and many-electron atoms.

Skills:

Ability to apply acquired knowledge to basic problems of atomic physics.

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] Haken H., Wolf H.C., The Physics of Atoms and Quanta. 7th Edition. Springer, Berlin 2005.

Recommended references:

[2] Cowan R. D., The Theory of Atomic Structure and Spectra. University of California Press 1981.

Note:
Further information:
http://kfe.fjfi.cvut.cz/~sinor/tmp/edu/af/
Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-20
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