Subatomic Physics
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

02SF  Z,ZK  6  4+2  Czech 
 Garant předmětu:
 Jan Čepila
 Lecturer:
 Jan Čepila, Iurii Karpenko
 Tutor:
 Jan Čepila, Iurii Karpenko, Marek Matas
 Supervisor:
 Department of Physics
 Synopsis:

The goal of these lectures is to present basic knowledge of particle physics. Students will become familiar with the structure of the matter, with elementary interactions and with basic laws of microcosmos. Lectures will include basics of quantum mechanics and the theory of relativity needed for the description of elementary particles behavior. Students will also become familiar with basic accelerating principles and with current particle physics experimental centers.
 Requirements:
 Syllabus of lectures:

1.Particle and interactions properties overview – units and sizes in particle physics, main properties of elementary particles, characteristics of interactions, quarks and leptons, intermediate bosons
2.Relativistic kinematice, cross section, quantum description of subatomic particles – Special theory of relativity,Kinematics, frames and transitions, 2 and 3 particle decays, cross section, Quantum description of particles
3.Symmetries and conservation laws – Continuous transformation invariance, QM symmetries, discreet symmetries
4.QED, weak interaction, electroweak interaction – Quantum electrodynamics, Fermi golden rule, Feynmann diagrams, Weak interaction, Calibration theory, Higgs mechanism
5.Hadron structure – Scattering experiments, exploring the stucture of particles, DIS, Parton model, Evolution equations
6.Strong interactions, quark model, QCD – Quark model, QCD processes, factorization, lattice QCD, running coupling constant
7.Sources of particles, accelerators, experiments overview – Heavy charged particles accelerators, Relativistic accelerators, Laser accelerators, Overview of accelerators and experimental centers
 Syllabus of tutorials:

Examples on certain chapters:
1. History of discoveries of elementary structure
2. Subatomic structure, basic interactions and particles,
3. Discovering subatomic structure,
4. Basics of quantum description,
5. Antiparticles,
6. Leptons,quarks, hadrons,
7. Yukawa model of nuclear forces,
8. Symmetries and conservation laws,
9. Heavy quarks and an experimental road to their discovery,
10. Weak interactions,
11. Unification of electromagnetic and weak interaction,
12. Structure of the nucleon and partons ,
13. Strong interaction,
14. Quark model ,
15. Kinematics ,
16. Particle sources
 Study Objective:

Knowledge:
Fundamentals of subnuclear physics
Abilities:
Orientation in concepts of subatomic physics and ability to solve problems in this field
 Study materials:

Key references:
[1]Alessandro Bettini, Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics, Cambridge University Press, 2014
[2] E.M.Henley, A. Garcia, Subatomic Physics, World Scientific Publishing, 2007
[3] B.R.Martin, G. Shaw, Particle Physics, Willey, 2017
Recommended references:
[4] W.S.C.Williams, Nuclear and Particle Physics, Oxford University Press, 2008
 Note:
 Timetable for winter semester 2024/2025:
 Timetable is not available yet
 Timetable for summer semester 2024/2025:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Jaderná a částicová fyzika (compulsory course in the program)
 Nuclear and Particle Physics (compulsory course in the program)