Electrochemistry and Theory of Solutions 2

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
15ETR2 ZK 2 2+0
Department of Nuclear Chemistry

Selected chapters of electrochemistry and theory of solutions. Electrode phenomena, electric double layer, electrochemical methods in chemical analysis, galvanic cells, corrosion. Methods of the reduction of equilibrium thermodynamic data to the zero ionic strength.


Lecture Electrochemistry and theory of solutions 1 15ETR1 is followed by this lecture

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Electrode prosesses, kinetics of electrode reactions: polarization of electrodes, kinetics of charge transfer, influence of transport phenomena.

2.Electric double layer: Helmholtz double layer, diffusion double layer, electrocapillarity.

3.Electrochemical methods in chemical analysis: brief summary, sample preparation for analysis, special procedures in metal speciation.

4.Voltamperommetric methods: classical polarography, differential pulse polarography (DPP), voltamperommetry on the electrodes with constant surface (HMDE, SMDE, MFE, rotating discs), limits of detection for metals.

5.Electrochemical stripping analysis: metods LSSV, DPSV, SWSV, anodic (ASV) and cathodic (CSV) stripping voltammetry, adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV), gavanostatic and potentiometric stripping voltammetry.

6.Voltamperommetry with chemically modified electrodes.

7.Potentiometry with ion selective electrodes.


9.Potentiometric methods with linear change of electric potential (linear sweep voltammetry LSV, cyclic voltammetry) and with potential jump.

10.Electrophoretic methods: moving boundary method, capillary electrophoresis.

11.Corrosion: electrochemical aspects of corrosion, electrochemical passivity of metals, protection against corrosion, corrosion in nuclear power engineering.

12.Galvanic cells as energy sources: classic and modern electric cells and accumulators.

13.Reduction of equilibrium thermodynamic data to the zero ionic strength: method of virial or ion interaction coefficients, Pitzer equations, specific ion interaction (SIT) theory; method of extended Debye - Hückel expressions, Davies equation for activity coefficients.

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:

To deepen knowledge of theoretical foundations of electrochemstry

Study materials:

Key Reference

J.Dvořák et al: Electrochemistry

Recommended references

1.Kalvoda R.: Elektroanalytická chemie životního prostředí. SNTL, Praha, 1985

2.Mart L.: Minimization of Accuracy Risks in Voltammetric Ultratrace Determination of Heavy Metals in Natural Waters, Talanta 29, 1035-40 (1982)

3.Hátle M.: Elektrochemická rozpouštěcí analýza těžkých kovů v ekologicky významných materiálech, Chem. Listy 80, 808-20 (1986)

4.Adeloju S.B., Bond A.M.: Influence of Laboratory Environment on the Precision and Accuracy of Trace Element Analysis, Anal. Chem. 57, 1728-33 (1985)

5.Valenta P.: Potentialities and Applications of Voltammetry in Determination of Ecotoxic Trace Metals in Natural Waters, Body Fluids and Foods, GIT Fachz. Lab. 32, 312-20 (1988)

6.Vydra F., Štulík K., Juláková E.: Rozpouštěcí polarografie a voltametrie, SNTL, Praha, 1977

7.Plambeck J.A.: Electroanalytical Chemistry. Basic Principles and Applications. Wiley-Interscience (ruský preklad: Dw. Dž. Plembek, Elektrochimičeskie metody analiza. Osnovy teorii i primenenie, Mir, Moskva, 1985)

8.Březina M., Zuman P.: Polarografie v biochemii, farmacii a lékařství, ZN, Praha, 1952

9.Florence T.M.: Recent Advances in Stripping Analysis, J. Electroanal. Chem. 168, 207-18 (1984)

10.Kalvoda R., Kopanica M.: Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetry in Trace Analysis. Pure Appl. Chem. 61, 97-112 (1989)

11.Nejman E.Ja., Dračeva L.V.: Adsorptionnaja inversionnaja voltamperometrija, Zhur. Anal. Khim. 45, 222-36 (1990)

12.Labuda J., Garaj.: Využitie chemicky modifikovaných elektród v anorganickej stopovej analýze. Chem. Listy 83, 449-62 (1989)

13.Koryta J., Štulík K.: Iontově selektivní elektrody. Academia, Praha, 1984

14.Buffle J.: Complexation Reactions in Aquatic Systems. An Analytical Approach, Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester, 1988

15.Opekar F.: Rozpouštění proudem v elektrochemické rozpouštěcí analýze, Chem. Listy 75, 137-55 (1981)

16.Jagner D., Graneli A.: Potentiometric Stripping Analysis. Anal. Chim. Acta 83, 19-26(1976)

17.Midgley D., Torrance K.: Potentiometric Water Analysis. Wiley, Chichester, 1978

18.Rossum J.R.: Conductance Method for Checking Accuracy of Water Analyses. Anal. Chem. 21, 631(1949)

19.Berčík J.: Vodivostné a dielektrické merania v chemickej analýze. SVTL, Bratislava, 1962

20.Bard A.J., Faulkner L.R.: Electrochemical Methods - Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd edition, Wiley, New York, 2000

21.Roušar I., Micka K., Kimla A.: Technická elektrochemie 2, Elektrochemické inženýrství, Academia, Praha, 1981

22.Pletcher D., Walsh F.C.: Industrial Electrochemistry, 2nd Edition, Chapman and Hall, London, 1990

23.Silva R.J.(ed.) a col.: Ionic Strength Corrections, Appendix B in Chemical Thermodynamics of Americium (Reprint of the 1995 Review), Nuclear Energy Agency, Wien, 2004

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2022-08-12
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet11304305.html