Separation Methods in Nuclear Chemistry 1

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Code Completion Credits Range
15SMJ1 ZK 3 3+0

In order to register for the course 15SMJ2, the student must have successfully completed the course 15SMJ1.

Garant předmětu:
Mojmír Němec
Mojmír Němec
Department of Nuclear Chemistry

This lecture consists of several chapters, at the beginning the chemistry of complex compounds, its generation and stability is discussed followed with speciation calculations. Next chapter gives a general overview of the separation methods and their comparison. Further, the fundamentals of liquid-liquid extraction, extraction of chelates, extraction chromatography, theory of ion exchange together with ion-exchange chromatography, and other chromatographic methods are discussed, all including theoretical aspects of the methods, widely used agents, and practical examples. The whole lecture is oriented to utilization of these methods in nuclear and radiochemistry, their advantages and specific requirements in the field.


1. Full chemistry courses at bachelor level (inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry)

2. Basic course in nuclear chemistry

Syllabus of lectures:

1. The chemistry of the coordination compounds.

2. Formation of the complexes, equilibrium constants.

3. Stability of the complexes in dependence on the ligand or central atom.

4. The summary and comparison of separation methods.

5. Solvent exctraction, systems clasification .

6. Theory of the solvent extraction.

7. Solvent extraction of the simple compounds.

8. Solvent extraction of the chelates, theory of the extraction.

9. The types of the chelating agents.

10. Chromatographic methods, systems clasification .

11. Partition chromatography.

12. Ion exchange theory, ion exchage chromatography.

13. Organic and inorganic ion exchangers.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Formation of the complexes and speciation calculations

2. Extraction systems in equlibrium, distribution ratio, separation factor

3. Separations with extraction chromatography

4. Separations on ion-exchangers

Study Objective:

Students will get knowledge of principles and function of the main separation methods used in radiochemistry and of an introduction to separation of radioactive substance. They will also get competencies to choose a proper separation method and procedure according to chemical and technical conditions, and an ability to make calculations for basic separation systems including interpretation of the results.

- choice of proper separation method and procedure according to chemical and laboratory technique conditions

- ability of calculations and interpretation of the basic separtion systems

Study materials:

Key literature:

1. Marcus Y., Kertes A.S.: Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction of Metal

Complexes, J. Wiley, 1969

2. Dean A.J.: Chemical Separation Methods, Van Nostrad Reinhold Company 1969

Time-table for winter semester 2023/2024:
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Time-table for summer semester 2023/2024:
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The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-02-23
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