Fire Prevention and Healthy Buildings

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
124YPZB Z 2 2P Czech
Garant předmětu:
Vladimír Mózer
Vladimír Mózer, Marek Pokorný
Vladimír Mózer, Marek Pokorný
Department of Architectural Engineering

The subject is focused on the presentation of the basic concepts and principles of fire safety of buildings and health safety of buildings. It is intended for students of non-fire disciplines and should enable them to consider aspects of fire safety and health safety from the initial stages of project preparation of buildings.



Syllabus of lectures:

Introduction to fire safety of buildings - concept of risks and measures, fire, its causes and effects, legal regulations and technical standards, history of PBS, fire protection in building management, approaches to designing fire safety of buildings

Characteristics of buildings from the point of view of fire safety – categorization of buildings / spaces from the point of view of use and influence on the fire safety design, fire height of the building, structural solution of the building, division of the building into fire sections, fire „risk“ in the context of the Czech Republic

Fire, materials and constructions - phases of fire - origin, development, fully developed fire and burnout, possibilities of fire spreading through the interior and exterior of the building, influence of materials and constructions on the spread of fire

Construction of buildings from the point of view of fire safety - class of reaction to fire and fire resistance of structures, load-bearing structures, fire walls and ceilings, fire barriers, perimeter walls, exterior cladding and insulation, roof structures, cavities in structures, double floors and ceilings, sealing of penetrations

Evacuation – basic facts and principles of evacuation, principles of designing communication spaces and escape routes, execution of the most important parts of escape routes, evacuation of persons with limited abilities and orientation

Separation - the spread of fire through the exterior, measures to prevent the spread of fire through the exterior

Fire safety equipment - electric fire alarms, stable extinguishing equipment, smoke and heat extraction equipment, fire ventilation of escape and emergency routes, continuous supply of electricity, emergency lighting and safety markings, initial extinguishing, elevators

Installation of services and equipment for the intervention of firefighting units - electrical installation, gas, water, sewerage from the fire safety point of view, HVAC installation, access to the building, boarding area, emergency routes, water sources for fighting fires

Garages - underground garages vs. open garages, LPG, CNG and electromobility, stackers, spread of fire between cars

Accessibility of buildings and persons with limited mobility and orientation, medical facilities, social care, nurseries, kindergartens, etc.

Assembly spaces, high-rise buildings, atriums and open space planning, historic buildings and renovations

Harmful pollutants in building structures, radon, its sources and variants of anti-radon measures.

Syllabus of tutorials:

No exercises

Study Objective:

To acquaint students with the basics of fire safety solutions for buildings, legislation, the behavior of the most used materials in fire and their protection, the principles of fire safety measures, building systems and elements ensuring the improvement of fire protection of building structures, specific fire-technical properties of high-rise buildings, assembly areas and medical facilities. To present protection against harmful substances harmful to health in building structures, radon and its sources, variants of anti-radon measures.

Study materials:

!KUPILÍK, Václav. Konstrukce pozemních staveb: požární bezpečnost staveb. V Praze: České vysoké učení technické, 2009. ISBN 978-80-01-04291-5.

!POKORNÝ, Marek a HEJTMÁNEK, Petr. Požární bezpečnost staveb - Sylabus pro praktickou výuku. Praha: ČVUT v Praze, 2018. 124 s. ISBN 978-80-01-05456-7.

?STOLLARD, P. et al. Fire from first principles: a design guide to international building fire safety. 4th. New York;Abingdon;: Routledge, 2014. ISBN 0415832616;9780415832618.

Kupilík,V., Wasserbauer, R.: Konstrukce pozemních staveb 80 ? Zdravotní nezávadnost stavebních konstrukcí, Vydavatelství ČVUT, Praha, 1999, 75 str. ISBN 80-01-02051-7

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-24
Aktualizace výše uvedených informací naleznete na adrese https://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet1106106.html