- Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering
Thorough explanation of fundamental principles od geomterical optics, image forming by thin and thick lens, lens systems, aberrations. Main types of visual instruments.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1. Light as electromagnetic radiation. Wavefronts and rays. Index of refraction. Optical path. Polarization.
2. Fermat's principle. Refraction and reflection at a plane surface. Total internal reflection. Planparalel plate. Handeness and parity.
3. Plane mirro and systems of mirrors. Refraction prisms: types, applications.
4.Crown and flint glass, dispersion, Abbe number. Dispersion prisms, minimum deviation position.
5. Curved optical surface and systems of spherical surfaces. Transfer equations, ray tracing. Cardinal points and planes. Focal length, optical power. Magnification.
6. Thick and thin lens: image forming, ray tracing, lens' types. Geomterical ray tracing. Thin lens systems, effective focal length. Afocal attachment.
7. Aberrations of optical systems: monochromatic. colour. Corrections of aberrations.
8. Reading glasses, magnifying glass: resolving power, magnification, types.
9. Microscope: optical layout, main characteristics. Mechanical design.
10. Image recording with a microscope. Inverted and stereomicrooscope.
11. Illumination system of microscope. Abbe theory of image forming.
12. Contrast enhancing techniques in microscopy.
13. Refracting telescopes: Galileo, Kepler. Focusing mechanisms. Image erecting systems.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
Problems related to the lecture content (calculations).
Laboratory tasks: Apex angle of prism, Refractive index and Abbe number, Focal length of thick lens, Resolving power of a lens and demonstration of optical aberrations
- Study Objective:
Understanding the laws of geometrical optics, image formation, the origin and nature of the aberrations. Understanding of basic optical instruments' principles.
- Study materials:
E. Dereniak and T. Dereniak: GEOMETRICAL AND TRIGONOMETRIC OPTICS, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2008
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: