Physics I.  Seminary
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

E026002  Z  2  0P+2C  English 
 Garant předmětu:
 Lecturer:
 Petr Ducháček, Miroslav Jílek, Jan Novák, Daniel Tischler
 Tutor:
 Petr Ducháček, Miroslav Jílek, Jan Novák, Daniel Tischler
 Supervisor:
 Department of Physics
 Synopsis:

Solving of problems corresponding to the lectures of Physics I.
 Requirements:

Active presence on seminars + minimum 75 % of presence.
 Syllabus of lectures:

1. Physical quantities  vectors and scalars. Kinematics of a particle motion in one dimension.
2. Motion in two or three dimensions, circular motion. Newton's laws of motion. Galileian transformation.
3. Motion equations, applications. Dynamics of a circular motion. Work and energy. Principle of conservation of energy. Momentum, impulse, collisions. Centre of mass. Rigid body. Rotational and translational motions, the torque. Conservation of momentum and angular momentum.
4. Gravitation, Newton's law of universal gravitations. Potential and intensity of a gravitational filed, satellites. Fluid mechanics, surface tension.
5. Continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation. Viscosity. Temperature, heat, calorimetry. Internal energy, first law of thermodynamics.
6. Thermodynamic processes. The Carnot cycle. Equipartition of energy theorem. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy, probability, information.
7. Elasticity, stress, strain, elastic moduli. SHM, the physical pendulum, the simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance.
8. Mechanical waves, types, mathematical description, sound, beats, the Doppler effect.
9. Electric charge, electric filed, intensity. Electric flux, Gauss's law, electric potential.
10. Capacitors, capacitance, energy of electric field, Gauss' law in dielectrics.
11. Electric current, resistivity, resistance, electromotive force.
12. Directcurrent circuits, Kirchhoff's rules, power and energy in electric circuits.
13. Magnetic field, the Hall effect, magnetic materials.
14. Mass spectrometer, cyclotron. Sources of magnetic filed, Ampere's law.
 Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Physical quantities  vectors and scalars. Kinematics of a particle motion in one dimension.
2. Motion in two or three dimensions, circular motion. Newton's laws of motion. Galileian transformation.
3. Motion equations, applications. Dynamics of a circular motion. Work and energy. Principle of conservation of energy. Momentum, impulse, collisions. Centre of mass. Rigid body. Rotational and translational motions, the torque. Conservation of momentum and angular momentum.
4. Gravitation, Newton's law of universal gravitations. Potential and intensity of a gravitational filed, satellites. Fluid mechanics, surface tension.
5. Continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation. Viscosity. Temperature, heat, calorimetry. Internal energy, first law of thermodynamics.
6. Thermodynamic processes. The Carnot cycle. Equipartition of energy theorem. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy, probability, information.
7. Elasticity, stress, strain, elastic moduli. SHM, the physical pendulum, the simple pendulum, damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance.
8. Mechanical waves, types, mathematical description, sound, beats, the Doppler effect.
9. Electric charge, electric filed, intensity. Electric flux, Gauss's law, electric potential.
10. Capacitors, capacitance, energy of electric field, Gauss' law in dielectrics.
11. Electric current, resistivity, resistance, electromotive force.
12. Directcurrent circuits, Kirchhoff's rules, power and energy in electric circuits.
13. Magnetic field, the Hall effect, magnetic materials.
14. Mass spectrometer, cyclotron. Sources of magnetic filed, Ampere's law.
 Study Objective:

Better understanding of topics on lectures.
 Study materials:

Young, H.D., Freedman, R.A.: Sears and Zemansky' University Physics, 10th edition, AddisonWesley, 2000, Vesela E., Physics I, CTU Publishing House, Prague, 2003, Vesela E., Vacek V. Physics  Laboratory Experiments, CTU Publishinhg House, Prague 1999
 Note:
 Timetable for winter semester 2023/2024:

06:00–08:0008:00–10:0010:00–12:0012:00–14:0014:00–16:0016:00–18:0018:00–20:0020:00–22:0022:00–24:00
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri  Timetable for summer semester 2023/2024:
 Timetable is not available yet
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 12 74 79 00 BTZSI 2012 A  prezenční anglicky (elective course)
 09 54 59 00 BSTR 2012 A  prezenční anglicky (elective course)
 09 54 59 00 DSTR 2012 A  prezenční anglicky (elective course)