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Code Completion Credits Range
16DOZI Z,ZK 6 4P+2C
Garant předmětu:
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

History, development, and objectives of dosimetry. Quantities and units used for description of sources, fields, interactions of ionizing radiation, ionizations, energy transfer and absorption. Fundamentals of the effects of ionizing radiation. Fundamentals of biological effects of ionizing radiation. Quantities and units used in radiation protection. Recommendations of ICRP and ICRU. Principles and methods of measurements in dosimetry. Determination of activity and neutron source emission. Measurements of absorbed dose and exposure.


Completion of 16URF1/16UJRF1 is required.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Development, objectives, and recent role of dosimetry.

2.Terminology, quantities, and units in nuclear physics and dosimetry.

3.Quantities and units describing sources of ionizing radiation.

4.Activity a mass activity. Decay chain

5.Emission of particles from radioactive sources

6.Radiation field - quantities and units used for description of directly and indirectly ionizing radiation.

7.Radiation and charge particle equilibrium.

8.Interaction of directly ionizing radiation - quantities describing interaction of directly ionizing radiation with matter.

9.Linear energy transfer, stopping power.

10.Interaction of indirectly ionizing radiation - quantities describing interaction of indirectly ionizing radiation with matter.

11.Attenuation, energy transfer, and absorption coefficients.

12.Quantities for description of ionizing effects.

13. Exposure quantity, its definition and historical development.

14. Definition of kerma and reasons for its introduction. Calculation of kerma for photon radiation. Relationship between exposure and kerma.

15. Energy and its calculation

16. Absorbed dose, definition and calculation.

17. Comparison of absorbed dose with exposure and kerma.

18. Microdosimetric quantities - specific and linear energy. Differences between stochastic and non-stochastic quantities in dosimetry.

19. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Survival curves, relative biological efficacy.

20. Operational variables for monitoring people and work environment.

21. Radiation protection system. Dose control and dose limits.

22. Principles of determination and measurement of basic dosimetric quantities. Methods of activity determination. Measurement of neutron source emission.

23. Dose measurement issues. Summary of cavity theory. Bragg-Gray's cavity theory, its consequences and shortcomings.

24. Use of ionization chambers to measure doses. Principle of ionization chambers, technical implementation and application of Bragg-Gray theory.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Interactions of particles

2.Statistics in radiation physics


4.Mass activity

5.Radioactive equilibrium

6.Emission of a source

7.Fluence and flux

8.Cross sections

9.Interactions of photons and neutrons

10.Attenuation of gamma-rays

11.Shielding of radiation


Study Objective:


Knowledge of quantities and units in radiological physics and dosimetry.


Application of quantities and units in radiological physics and dosimetry.

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] Fundamentals of Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry, P. Andreo, D.T. Burns, A. E. Nahum, J.Seuntjens, F. H. Attix, Wiley-VCH, 2017. ISBN 978-3-527-40921-1

[2] Fundamentals of Dosimetry, J. Sabol, CVUT publication, 1992 (in Czech)

[3] Physics for Radiation Protection, J. E. Martin, Wiley-VCH, 2013. ISBN: 978-3-527-41176-4

Recommended references:

[4] Handbook of Dosimetry and Radiation Protection, J. Sabol, CVUT publication, 1996 (in Czech)

[5] ČSN ISO 31-9 Quantities and Units - Part 9: Atomic and Nuclear Physic (in Czech)

[6] ČSN ISO 31-10 Quantities and Units - Part 10: Nuclear reactions and ionizing radiation (in Czech)

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
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