Introductory Nuclear and Radiation Physics 2

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
816UJRF2 Z,ZK 4 2P+2C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

The aim of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge about atomic nucleus and radiation physics, which is followed by other specialized lectures. The subject summarizes thematic areas: general properties of radioactive decay, alpha decay, proton radioactivity, beta decay, gamma emission, natural radioactivity, properties and types of nuclear reactions, nuclear fission, transuranium elements, thermonuclear reaction.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.The most important types of radioactive decay, the statistical principle of decay.

2.Kinetics of radioactive decay, radioactive equilibrium.

3.Alpha decay (energy spectrum, Geiger-Nuttall's law, mechanism).

4.Three types of beta decay and their energy balance.

5.Beta decay of neutron, neutrino and its experimental evidence.

6.Gamma emissions, internal conversions.

7.Resonance absorption of gamma radiation.

8.Natural radioactivity, radioactive decay series.

9.General characteristics of nuclear reactions, definition of energy of nuclear reaction.

10.Mechanisms of nuclear reactions.

11.Nuclear reactions with neutrons, nuclear fission.

12.Transurans, their production and properties.

13.Thermonuclear reaction in earthly conditions.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.(Radio-)activity – quantities and relations between them, energy released during radioactive decay.

2.Statistical character of radioactive decay, law of radioactive decay.

3.Radioactive equilibrium (transient vs. secular), genetically linked radionuclides.

4.Alpha decay and its characteristics (energy balance, Geiger-Nuttall's law, etc.).

5.Basic characteristics of individual types of beta decay.

6.Applying of laws of conservation to beta decay.

7.Internal conversion, gamma photon emission, redistribution of nucleus excitation energy.

8.Natural radioactivity, radioactive decay series.

9.General characteristics of nuclear reactions, conservation laws in nuclear reactions, nuclear reactions kinematics.

10.Energy of nuclear reactions, threshold energy of nuclear reactions.

11.Nuclear reactions of charged particles, photonuclear reactions.

12.Nuclear reactions of neutrons, nuclear fission.

13.Thermonuclear reaction.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

Key References:

1.W. Loveland, D. J. Morrissey, G. T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2017

2.E. B. Podgoršak: Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists. Berlin, Springer, 2016

Recommended References:

3.J. J. Bevelacqua: Health Physics, Wiley – VCH, Weinheim, 2016

4.B. R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics - An Introduction, Chichester, Wiley, 2009

5.J. Magill, J. Gally: Radioactivity, Radionuclides, Radiation, Berlin, Springer, 2005

6.J. S. Lilley: Nuclear Physics - Principles and Applications. Chichester, Wiley, 2001

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
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