Technological Fundamentals of Computers

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
BIE-TZP.21 Z,ZK 5 2P+2C English
Garant předmětu:
Martin Novotný
Kateřina Hyniová, Martin Novotný
Kateřina Hyniová, Martin Novotný
Department of Digital Design

Students get acquainted with the fundamentals of digital and analog circuits, as well as basic methods of analyzing them. Students learn how computer structures look like at the lowest level. They are introduced to the function of a transistor. They will understand why processors generate heat, why cooling is necessary, and how to reduce the consumption; what the limits to the maximum operating frequency are and how to raise them; why a computer bus needs to be terminated, what happens if it is not; how a computer power supply looks like (in principle). In the labs, students model the behavior of basic electrical circuits in SW Mathematica.


High-school level of mathematics and physics.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Basic electrical quantities (voltage, current).

2. Basic components of electronic circuits (resistor, capacitor, coil).

3. Basic semiconductor components (diode, transistor).

4. Boolean logic, basic Boolean functions, logic levels 0 and 1 in digital systems.

5. Basic logic components (gates, flip-flops, multiplexers, drivers).

6. Structure of logic gates in CMOS technology.

7. Energy and performance in digital systems.

8. Principles of data transmission, buses, parallel, serial, asynchronous and synchronous transmissions.

9. Volatile and non-volatile memories, principles and properties.

10. Hardware programming, configurable FPGA circuits, ASIC and SoC integrated circuits.

11. Fourier series, signal spectrum, harmonic steady state, impedance.

12. Signal transmission. Signal delays in digital systems. Symmetrical lines, asymmetrical lines.

13. Measurements in digital systems (oscilloscope, logic analyzer, spectrum analyzer).

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Introduction to Mathematica SW.

2. Introduction to Mathematica SW.

3. Circuits with resistors, capacitors and coils (solved in Mathematica).

4. Node voltage method, examples of usage (solved in Mathematica).

5. Parallel and serial combination of elements of the same type. DC

circuits (solved in Mathematica).

6. Circuits with transistors, simple amplifiers (solved in Mathematica).

7. Implementation of logic functions with logic gates.

8. Inner structure of CMOS logic gates.

9. Energy and power in digital circuits (solved in Mathematica).

10. Sinusoidal steady state (solved in Mathematica).

11. Impedance, transfer function (solved in Mathematica).

12. Fourier series, signal spectrum (solved in Mathematica).

13. Assesments.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

1. Dean B., Llamocca D. : Introduction to Analog and Digital Circuits. Kendall Hunt Pub, 2019. ISBN 978-1792408809.

2. Wakerly J.F. : Digital Design: Principles and Practices (5th Edition). Pearson, 2018. ISBN 978-0134460093.

3. Agarwal A., Lang J. : Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits. Morgan Kaufmann, 2005. ISBN 978-1558607354.

4. Kyncl J., Novotný M. : Číslicové a analogové obvody (2nd Edition). ČVUT v Praze, 2016. ISBN 978-80-01-05167-2.

Further information:
Time-table for winter semester 2024/2025:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2024/2025:
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The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
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