- Garant předmětu:
- Department of Natural Sciences
The aim of the course is to acquaint students with current trends in the biomechanics. The course offers information about the current possibilities of using the field of biomechanics in practice and specific areas of research. Attention is paid mainly to aspects of biomechanics, ergonomics, orthopedic biomechanics, biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, clinical biomechanics and biomechanics of biomaterials.
As a standard, teaching takes place in the form of contact and the course ends with an oral exam, which is preceded by written preparation. If the number of students is less than 5, teaching can take place in the form of guided self-study with regular consultations. Furthermore, it is required to prepare a written study by the student on a given topic in the field. The condition for admission to the exam is the completion of two laboratory exercises (evidenced by a protocol signed by the student, the head of the exercise and the guarantor of the course). The protocols will be archived in the doctoral study paper.
- Syllabus of lectures:
1.Subject biomechanics and their division: clinical, sports, orthopedic, forensic biomechanics, biomechanics in ergonomics. Basic concepts of biomechanics, use of information technologies in biomechanics. Mathematical and physical methods in biomechanics, linear algebra, numerical methods, vector algebra, force and moment effects in biomechanics.
2.Methods of data measurement and processing in experimental biomechanics, strain gauges, electromyography, MoCap systems, dynamometry, material tests.
3.Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, volume and cross-sectional characteristics, structure of the appendicular and axial skeleton, basics of the anatomy of the musculoskeletal system elements,
4.Motion assessment in sport biomechanics and rehabilitation, anthropometry, description of human body movement, human body models, software for evaluation of data from MoCap systems, Kinematics and dynamics of movement, work and performance, determination of forces and moments, transformation of forces and moments, transformation of energies , determining forces in the musculoskeletal system,
5.Biomechanics of walking and postural stability, biomechanics of upper and lower limbs. Methods of evaluation of cyclical movements, methods of gait assessment in practice.
6.Types of loading and deformation of parts of the musculoskeletal system. Stress from tension, bending, shear, torsion. Application of FEM.
7.Materials in biomechanics and their properties, biomaterials, biocompatibility, bioactive material, composites, sterilization techniques. Material properties of bones, muscles, ligaments, cartilage and tendons. Bone fractures and fixation. Orthoses, their types and function. Models of biomaterials, rheological models of tissues,
8.Models of elements, models of muscles. The use of rheological models in computer models of the musculoskeletal system.
9.Construction of orthopedic and prosthetic devices, methods of treatment, exoprosthesis and endoprosthesis, implants, characteristics of movement with orthopedic and prosthetic devices, methods of evaluation of the rehabilitation process, types of stressing mechanical elements of prostheses, structural design of mechanical parts of prostheses, testing, making of prostheses.
10.Intelligent prostheses, prosthetic systems, control methods, EMG signal processing, myoelectric prostheses, biofeedback in rehabilitation.
- Syllabus of tutorials:
1.Study of kinematics and dynamics of movement of human body segments in diagnostics using the accelerometer system. Methods of biomechanical data processing and their quantitative evaluation using computer technology
2.Study of the force and moment effects on prosthetic replacements and orthotic aids by using dynamometers. Study of the mechanical properties of prosthetic parts by using a test systems.
- Study Objective:
- Study materials:
- Further information:
- No time-table has been prepared for this course
- The course is a part of the following study plans: