Building Construction I

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
523PS1BK Z,ZK 4 2P+2C Czech
Garant předmětu:
Department of Construction Engineering I

The aim of the course is to introduce students to the relationship between architecture and construction. This is presented through examples of concrete architecture. A basic overview of the basic terminology of buildings and structures, the technical design of a building with wall construction systems from foundation to roof and their applications in architecture is given. They are introduced to the principles and design of wall and ceiling structures, vertical circulation in a building, including the treatment of elements and stair space in the context of the whole building with emphasis on its architectural expression. The historical context and current design options are explained, the material and product base is discussed, the relationship to the building's performance and the critical details. The aim is to provide an understanding of the importance and principles of depicting and drawing individual structures in the various stages of project documentation. The purpose is to introduce students to the possibilities of construction elements and techniques in the context of the advantages and disadvantages of their use. The lectures are designed to teach civil engineering from the perspective of the architect's use of design. Individual materials, elements and structures are permanently embedded in the concept of the home with consideration of the related perspectives of the collaborating professions. Emphasis is placed on constructability and craftsmanship. The link of the technical solution in relation to the artistic or architectural expression. Sustainability, durability and the economic aspect of the solution are not neglected. Emphasis is placed on the consideration of solution options, conceptual thinking. The lecture series involves modern teaching technologies - the use of illustrative videos, tutorials. Examples of architecturally valuable realisations and the use of the latest materials and technologies are presented. Basic methods and approaches to designing structures are then practically verified in exercises.


In order to be awarded credit, it is necessary to hand in the processed assignments in a hand-processed folder and the required attendance for the exercise must also be met.

The course concludes with a written test via the Moodle platform, which is written by all students in the course on the announced dates (with alternate dates for make-up tests). The second make-up dates are in the form of an individual oral examination to test knowledge.

Assessment criteria according to the CTU Examination Regulations.

Syllabus of lectures:

Schedule and content of lectures:

1. lecture

Architecture and Construction

Architecture, construction, factors of building realization. Evolution of building structures.


Construction process, development of project documentation, modular coordination in construction.

Creation of project documentation in the construction process: concepts of project, design team, construction participants. Current trend in the field of BIM design. Legislative requirements and tools. Technical standards and their binding force.

Structure and content of project documentation in the construction process, supporting documents, text parts, drawings, documentary part.

Module coordination in construction. Concept of module, concept of dimensions in construction, manufacturing tolerances, modulation of piece building, modulation of openings, modulation of building spaces and their interrelation.


Integrated design of building structures.

No building is a solitaire, size, position and purpose do not matter.

Building as an organism.

Legislative requirements and legislative tools.

Influence of the territory of the building based on practical examples.

Influence of operational design.

A light touch of physics: the spread of heat and moisture through building structures. Historical development of thermal engineering requirements, concepts of dew point and thermal bridge. Acoustics - airborne imperceptibility, step imperceptibility, vibration and structural noise, spatial acoustics.

Fire safety of buildings. Emphasis on the use of system solutions


Analysis of structural parts of the building I.

Building elements in context. Encyclopaedia terminology. Examples of buildings - masonry building, classic masonry, pitched, flat roof. Traditional wooden ceilings alt. beamed. Ground floor house without basement. Reinforced concrete building, VPC insulated. Ventilated cladding, ETICS, flat roof. Basement. Reinforced concrete staircase, wooden. Examples of buildings - timber post and beam construction, CLT panel, crawl - spase. Flat roof. External steel staircase.


Load-bearing structures

Classification of structural systems, requirements analysis.


Structural wall systems

Technological, material variants. Masonry.


Vertical load-bearing structures I.

Functions, requirements, design principles, penetrations, openings.


Vertical load-bearing structures II.

Material variants - ceramic, wood, steel, reinforced concrete, combinations. Technological variants monolithic, prefabricated, prefabricated. Chimneys and ventilation vents.

9. Lecture

Horizontal structures I.

History of development. Basic functions and requirements - legislative, functional, geometric and structural-physical with regard to the connection and location of the structure in the building. Predicting the purpose of a building or part of it on the structural design of the floor structure and its economy. Does the ceiling structure have to be horizontal?

Basic design principles: organisation of internal forces in the floor structure and their transfer to the vertical load-bearing structures.

Basic classification of ceiling structures according to structural and material design and construction technology.

Vaulted structures: history of development, basic structural characteristics, basic types of vaults, contemporary approach to vaulted structures and possibilities of their reconstruction.

Timber ceiling structures: history of development, basic structural characteristics, basic types of timber ceilings, contemporary solutions and relationship of timber ceiling structures to current legislative regulations.

10. Lecture

Horizontal structures II.

Reinforced concrete floor structures: basic design principles and technological variants. Basic principles of structural design of reinforced concrete floor structures in relation to the economics of their design - contemporary approach to the design and organisation of reinforced concrete floor structures with regard to the purpose of the building or its part and the links of the floor structure to the adjacent building structures - e.g. building envelope, floor and ceiling construction and the organisation of horizontal lines of special professions. An example of a real-life application of reinforced concrete floor structure design with regard to protection against the propagation of vibration and structural noise between the unprotected and protected parts of a building.

Reinforced concrete ceilings, glass-reinforced concrete ceilings and other composite ceiling structures.

Prefabrication of ceiling structures.

Steel floor structures: basic design principles. Specific features of steel ceiling structures with regard to the requirements of building physics, fire safety and corrosion protection.

Variants of steel floor structure solutions with regard to the history of development and contemporary solutions for steel floor structures. Coupled steel-concrete floor structures. Organization of downstream structures and routing of backbone routes of special professions and their end elements.

Pre-set structures - cornices, balconies, loggias, pavilions, bay windows, awnings and sun screens. Basic static variants, basic classification, typology. Thermal-technical problems and possibilities of their solution. Contemporary solutions of pre-stressed structures on examples of realized buildings.

11. Lecture

Staircase I.

Requirements, design principles. Terminology, dimensions of steps, arms, landings, surface treatments, requirements for handrails, handrails.

12. Lecture

Staircases II.

Shape and material variants. Plate arms, stair treads. Reinforced concrete, timber, steel, glass and combination staircase construction. External and submitted construction.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Exercise PS1

1. Displaying and listing buildings. Showing and drawing plan, section, view, axonometry - types of lines, description and arrangement on a drawing. Marking of materials and furnishings - drawing drawings. Types of lines, technical writing, marking of masses and furnishings.

Drawing No. 1 - Marking of materials and furnishings

2.Representation and drawing of buildings - axonometry of a house including nomenclature of individual building parts - example of an illustrative house with a partial basement, a gable roof with a garage extension - flat roof and a wooden pergola.

Drawing No. 2 - Axonometry of the house with nomenclature

3. Drawing of construction drawings M 1:200 - Representation of the house M 1:200, situation. Drawing of structures and windows, doors M 1:200, M 1:100. Family house - floor plans, views, sections.

Drawing No. 3 - Family house - views M 1:200

4. Drawing construction drawings M 1:100 - House view M 1:100. Drawing of building structures and fillings of openings M 1:100. Principles of drafting. Tables of rooms. Legend of materials. Family house - floor plans, views, sections.

Drawing No. 4 - Family house - view 1:100

5.Drawing drawings of buildings M 1:100 - consultation.

6.Module coordination M 1:20 - module coordination, masonry ties. Masonry structures, tying their elements, bridging openings, perimeter walls layered. Setting windows in masonry.

Drawing 5 - Masonry ties, vertical section M1:10, M1:20

7.Drawing construction drawings M 1:50 - Floor plan of a house M 1:50. Drawing of structures and windows M 1:50. Family house - floor plans, views, sections. View of a house M 1:50. Principles of quotation. Tables of rooms. Legend of materials. Tables of windows and doors - filling of openings. M1:50 view

Drawing No. 6 - Family house - floor plan M 1:50

Drawing No. 7 - Family house - view M1:50, table of windows and doors

8.Drawing of building drawings M 1:50 - consultation

9. Drawing of building drawings M 1:50 - View of a part of a house M 1:50. Reinforced concrete monolithic ceiling. Method of designing a reinforced monolithic slab and ribbed ceiling, drawing a section through the building, a folded section through the ceiling, designing lintels and wreaths. Representation of a part of a house at 1:50 scale. Variants of ceilings including sections - folded and transverse. Translations.

Drawing No. 8 - Family house - reinforced concrete ceiling

8A - ceiling drawn in the floor plan - drawing no. 7

8B - vertical section - reinforced concrete ceiling, details M1:50, 1:20

10.Drawing construction drawings M 1:50 - consultation

11.Drawing of a staircase M 1:50 - Representation of a part of a house - floor plan M 1:50 - Calculation, assumptions of location. Steps reinforced concrete, stone, wooden, steel. Tiling of steps. Plate arms, stair arms. Woven stairs. Vertical section of staircase M 1:50, Detail M1:20. Design of landings and intermediate landings, their support, design of handrails and handrails. Basics of drawing, drawing and description.

Drawing No. 9 - Family house - staircase

9A - ground floor plan - staircase drawn in drawing No. 7

9B - plan of staircase - in plan of basement and attic, section through staircase, details M1:50, M1:25,

12. Drawing of staircase M 1:20 - consultation

13. Consultations, credits.

Study Objective:

Basic orientation in the design of particular structural parts of buildings based on technical requirements.

Study materials:

Konstrukce pozemních staveb 10, P. Hájek a kol., ČVUT, 2004, Pozemní stavitelství - cvičení II., M. Hanák, ČVUT, 2002, Stavební konstrukce, D. Neumann, L. Rougen, U. Weinbrenner, V. Hestermann, Jaga, 2005, Navrhování staveb, E. a P. Neufert, Consultinvest, 1995

Constructing Architecture, Andrea Deplazes, Birkhäuser Verlag GmbH 2022

Lectures and exercises.

Presentation of lectures and exercises in pdf documents.

Preview of lectures including videos and explanations for exercises - Institute's website 15 123, Teams platform, Moodle.

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-05-18
Aktualizace výše uvedených informací naleznete na adrese https://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet6394206.html