Introduction to Riemannian geometry
Code  Completion  Credits  Range 

01URG  ZK  2  2+0 
 Garant předmětu:
 Lecturer:
 Tutor:
 Supervisor:
 Department of Mathematics
 Synopsis:

This lecture is intended for an advanced undergraduate having possibly (but not necessarily) already taken a basic course on topological and differential manifolds. In addition to understanding the geometric meaning of curvature and its intimate relationship to topology, the student will learn the basic apparatus of Riemannian geometry suitable for further study of modern parts of mathematics and mathematical physics. Possible extension of this lecture is the geometric analysis of partial differential equations on Riemannian manifolds.
 Requirements:

Basic course on analysis on manifolds welcome, but not required.
 Syllabus of lectures:

1. Motivation. The notion of curvature in classical theories of curves and surfaces.
2. Review of basic tools. Tensors, manifolds and vector bundles.
3. Riemannian metrics. The volume element and integration. Constantcurvature model spaces.
4. Connections. Covariant derivatives of tensor fields. Parallel transport along curves. Geodesics.
5. Riemannian geodesics. The LeviCivita connection. The exponential map. Normal coordinates. Geodesics of the model spaces.
6. Geodesics and distance. Geodesics as lengthminimising curves. First variation formula. The Gauss lemma. Completeness and the HopfRinow theorem.
7. Curvature. Local invariants of Riemannian metrics. The curvature tensor. Flat manifolds. The Ricci and scalar curvatures.
8. Riemannian submanifolds. The second fundamental form. Hypersurfaces in the Euclidean space, the Gauss curvature and Theorema Egregium. Sectional curvatures.
9. The GaussBonnet theorem. The Umlaufsatz and the GaussBonnet formula. The Euler characteristic of a topological manifold.
10. Jacobi fields. The Jacobi equation. Conjugate points. The second variation formula.
11. Curvature and topology. Comparison theorems. The CartanHadamard and Bonnet's theorems.
 Syllabus of tutorials:
 Study Objective:

Knowledge:
Learning the basic apparatus of Riemannian geometry suitable for further study of modern parts of mathematics and mathematical physics. A particular goal of the lecture is understanding the geometric meaning of curvature and its intimate relationship to topology.
Skills:
Routine work with tensorial and variational calculus on manifolds, computation of the connection and curvature tensor from the metric, solving the differential equations for geodesics and Jacobi fields, integration on manifolds.
 Study materials:

Key references:
1. J. M. Lee, Riemannian Manifolds: An Introduction to Curvature, Springer, 1997.
Recommended references:
2. M. P. do Carmo, Riemannian geometry, Birkhauser 1992.
3. O. Kovalski, Úvod do Riemannovy geometrie, Univerzita Karlova, 1995.
4. M. Spivak, A Comprehensive Introduction to Differential Geometry, Volumes IV, Publish or Perish, 1999.
5. P. Petersen: Riemannian Geometry. Springer, 2016.
 Note:
 Further information:
 No timetable has been prepared for this course
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Aplikovaná algebra a analýza (compulsory course in the program)
 Matematické inženýrství (elective course)