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CZECH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE
STUDY PLANS
2024/2025

Artificial Lung Ventilation: Methods and Equipment

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range Language
17ADBMUPV ZK 5 2P English
Garant předmětu:
Lecturer:
Tutor:
Supervisor:
Department of Biomedical Technology
Synopsis:

Physiology of respiration, anatomy of the respiratory system. Mechanical parameters of the respiratory system, modeling of the respiratory system.

Respiratory failure, ARDS and ALI. Changes in mechanical parameters of the respiratory system. Mechanical ventilation and its adverse effects. Protective ventilation. Unconventional mechanical ventilation. High frequency ventilation ? principle, characteristics, gas exchange, control of high frequency ventilation, ventilation monitoring. High frequency ventilation ? modeling of intrapulmonary conditions. Computations and analyses in mechanical ventilation and respiratory care. Methods of high frequency ventilation ? technical solution of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). Methods of high frequency ventilation ? technical solution of high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV).

Tracheal gas insufflation ? TGI, ITPV, technical solution, flow generators, monitoring and control. Monitoring of mechanical ventilation. Sensors of flow rate and their characteristics.

Monitoring of regional ventilation and lung diagnostics using ultrasound systems, CT, MRI and EIT. Extracorporeal methods ? extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO, extracorporeal lung support ECLS. Other unconventional gas exchange techniques (partial and total liquid ventilation, HeliOx, permissive hypercapnia, normocapnic hyperventilation etc.).

Requirements:

Teaching takes place in the form of self-study with regular consultations. In addition to the examination, a written study is required by the student on the subject.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.Physiology of respiration, anatomy of the respiratory system.

2.Mechanical parameters of the respiratory system, modeling of the respiratory system.

3.Respiratory failure, ARDS and ALI. Changes in mechanical parameters of the respiratory system.

4.Mechanical ventilation and its adverse effects. Protective ventilation. Unconventional mechanical ventilation.

5.High frequency ventilation ? principle, characteristics, gas exchange, control of high frequency ventilation, ventilation monitoring.

6.High frequency ventilation ? modeling of intrapulmonary conditions.

7.Computations and analyses in mechanical ventilation and respiratory care.

8.Methods of high frequency ventilation ? technical solution of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV).

9.Methods of high frequency ventilation ? technical solution of high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV).

10.Tracheal gas insufflation ? TGI, ITPV, technical solution, flow generators, monitoring and control.

11.Monitoring of mechanical ventilation. Sensors of flow rate and their characteristics.

12.Monitoring of regional ventilation and lung diagnostics using ultrasound systems, CT, MRI and EIT.

13.Extracorporeal methods ? extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO, extracorporeal lung support ECLS.

14.Other unconventional gas exchange techniques (partial and total liquid ventilation, HeliOx, permissive hypercapnia, normocapnic hyperventilation etc.).

Syllabus of tutorials:
Study Objective:
Study materials:

[1] Dostál P.: Základy umělé plicní ventilace. 3. vydání. Computer Press, 2014, ISBN 978-80-7345-397-8.

[2] Pachl, J., Roubík, K.: Základy anesteziologie a resuscitační péče dospělých i dětí. 1. vyd. 1. dotisk, Praha: Karolinum, 2005. 376 s. ISBN-10: 80-246-0479-5.

[3] Lumb A.: Nunn's Applied Respiratory Physiology. Elsevier, 2016, 568 s. ISBN 9780702062957, ISBN 9780702062940.

[4] Strnadová V., Svobodník A., Křepelka F.: Úvod do metodiky klinického hodnocení léčivých přípravků. 1. vyd., Praha, Grada, 2007. 150 s. ISBN 978-80-247-1917-7.

[5] Hnadl, Z.: Monitorování pacientů v anesteziologii, resuscitaci a intenzivní péči - vybrané kapitoly. 4. vydání. IPVZ, Brno, 2007. 149 s. ISBN 9788070134597.

Note:
Further information:
Course may be repeated
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-13
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