Mathematical Logic
Code  Completion  Credits  Range  Language 

01MAL  Z,ZK  4  2+1  Czech 
 Garant předmětu:
 Lecturer:
 Tutor:
 Supervisor:
 Department of Mathematics
 Synopsis:

Logic is in the same time an object studied by mathematics and the language used to formalize and study mathematics. The goal of the course is to introduce basic notion of results of classical mathematical logic.
1.Propositions, evaluation, tautologies, axioms, theorems, soundness, completeness, and decidability of Hilbert and Gentzen style propositional calculi.
2.Language of predicate calculus, terms, formulas, relational structures, satisfiability, truth, tautologies, axioms, theorems, soundness, model constructions.
3.Gödel completeness theorem, Skolem and Herbrand theorems.
4.The first and the second Gödel theorems on incompleteness of Peano arithmetics and undecidability of predicate calculus.
 Requirements:
 Syllabus of lectures:

Logic is in the same time an object studied by mathematics and the language used to formalize and study mathematics. The goal of the course is to introduce basic notion of results of classical mathematical logic.
1.Propositions, evaluation, tautologies, axioms, theorems, soundness, completeness, and decidability of Hilbert and Gentzen style propositional calculi.
2.Language of predicate calculus, terms, formulas, relational structures, satisfiability, truth, tautologies, axioms, theorems, soundness, model constructions.
3.Gödel completeness theorem, Skolem and Herbrand theorems.
4.The first and the second Gödel theorems on incompleteness of Peano arithmetics and undecidability of predicate calculus.
 Syllabus of tutorials:
 Study Objective:

Knowledge:
Basic notions and results of classical propositional and predicate mathematical logic.
Skills:
Orientation in basics of mathematical logic and ability to use it in other disciplines.
 Study materials:

Compulsory literature:
[1] V. Švejdar: Logika  neúplnost, složitost a nutnost. Academia, Praha 2002.
Optional literature:
[2] Nicholas J. J. Smith. Logic: The Laws of Truth. Princeton University Press, 2012.
 Note:
 Further information:
 No timetable has been prepared for this course
 The course is a part of the following study plans:

 Matematické inženýrství (elective course)
 Aplikovaná algebra a analýza (elective course)
 Matematické inženýrství (elective course)
 Matematická informatika (compulsory course in the program)
 Fyzikální elektronika  Počítačová fyzika (elective course)