Introductory Radiation Physics 1

The course is not on the list Without time-table
Code Completion Credits Range
16URF1 Z,ZK 4 2+2
Garant předmětu:
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

Concise review of opinions about atoms and radiation physics, relativistic and quantum properties, basic characteristics of atoms and nuclei, binding energy, measurement of nuclear mass and diameter, nuclear moments, isospin, basic nuclear models, general characteristics of interaction of radiation with a matter, interaction of alpha, beta, gamma and neutrons, penetration of radiation beams through material, radiation effects in a matter.


No specific requirements.

Syllabus of lectures:

1. Concise review of development of nuclear and radiation physics

2. Physical quantities in radiation physics and their measurement, cross sections

3. Basics characteristics of atomic nuclei

4. Nuclear masses and binding energies

5. Methods for determining radius of nuclei

6. Nuclear moments and further quantum characteristics

7. Nuclear models - general characteristics and types

8. Basic properties of the most important particles in radiation physics

9. General characteristics of interaction of ionising radiation with a matter

10. Interaction of heavy charged particles with a matter, stopping power

11. Energy loses of electrons transmitting through a matter

12. Processes if interaction of X- and gamma-rays

13. Processes of neutron interactions in a matter

14. Effects caused in a matter by ionising radiation - ionisation and excitation, heat production

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. laboratory reference frame vs. center of mass reference frame

2. fundamental relations in quantum physics

3. classical (Newton) vs. relativistic (Einstein) physics

4. relations among momentum, mass, energy, wawelength, frequency, etc.

5. binding energy of nuclei, Weizsäcker formula, line of beta stability

6. mass and ardius of nuclei

7. interaction of heavy charged particle with matter

8. interaction of light charged particle with matter

9. Bethe-Bloch formula for collision and radiation losses

10. empirical relationships for range of particles in material

11. interaction of photons with matter

12. passage of photon beam through material

13. interaction of neutron with matter

14. credit test

Study Objective:


Knowledge of nuclear and radiation physics as the basis for more specialized courses on the detection, dosimetry and the use of ionizing radiation in various applications of science and technology.


Application of basic knowledge on complex systems, usable for various applications.

Study materials:

Key references:

[1] L. Musílek: Úvod do fyziky ionizujícího záření, Praha, SNTL 1979

Recommended references:

[2] K.N. Muchin: Eksperimental'naja jaděrnaja fizika I. Moskva, Eněrgoatomizdat 1983

[3] J.S. Lilley: Nuclear Physics - Principles and Applications. Chichester, Wiley 2001

[4] J. Magill - J. Gally: Radioactivity, Radionuclides, Radiation. Berlin, Springer 2005

[5] B. Povh - K. Rith - C. Scholz - F. Zetsche: Particles and Nuclei - An Introduction to the Physical Concepts. Berlin, Springer 1999

[6] B.R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics - An Introduction. Chichester, Wiley 2006

[7] W. Loveland - D.J.Morisey - G.T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry. Hoboken, Wiley 2006

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2024-06-16
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