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Anatomy and Physiology II

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
17PBBAF2 Z,ZK 5 2P+1S+1L Czech
Grading of the course requires grading of the following courses:
Anatomy and Physiology I (17PBBAF1)
Garant předmětu:
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection

Anatomy and physiology II" links to Anatomy and Physiology I. The subject covers functional aspects of particular organs and their systems.


1.credit: attendance at classes, preparation of protocols, testing of knowledge

2.exam: written multiple-choice test (classification according to the direction)

Syllabus of lectures:

1.General and Muscle physiology:introduction, study and measurements methods, animal experiments, cell membrane transportation, intercellular communication, principles of regulation, functional units of muscle, action potential, molecular basis of contraction, excitation-contraction coupling, summation and tetanus, length-power dependence, neuromuscular junction, energy, muscle fiber types, motor unit, differences among smooth and cardiac muscles

2.Physiology of breathing: function of respiratory system, outer and inner breathing, ventilation, diffusion and perfusion, compliance, death spaces, respiratory pressures, regulation

3.Heart and circulation: rhythm, propagation of contraction, importance of valves, autoregulation, action potential, excitation-contraction coupling, low and high pressure systems, hemodynamics, laminar and turbulent flow, blood pressure, its regulation and measurement, microcirculation, venous return

4.Blood and Immunity: body fluids, blood compositions, function of erythrocytes, erythropoiesis, hemoglobin, metabolism of Fe, blood groups, hemostasis, antigens and antibodies, innate and acquired immunity, B ant T lymphocytes, NK cells, monocytes-macrophages system, major histocompatibility system, ADCC, complement, inflammation, allergy

5.Renal physiology: overview of functions, nephron and its prefusion, urine production, clearance, function of urinary tracts, micturition

6.Physiology of GIT: digestive tube, salivary glands, liver, pancreas, gall-bladder, nutrition and vitamins, energy input and output, metabolism

7.Hormonal regulation: regulation of body functions, types of secretion, feed-back, methods of hormone action study, glucose and calcium plasma levels regulation, developmental hormones, stress hormones, parturition and lactation, sex hormones

8.Neurophysiology and motricity: resting membrane potential, action potential, synapses and classification, learning and memory, hematoencephalic barrier, cerebrospinal fluid, lumbar punction, reflex, overview of CNS arrangement, projection, association and execution, functions of spinal cord, spinal cord reflexes, motricity, emotions, executive system of CNS

9.Physiology of CNS: brain stem and reticular formation function, sleep and wakefulness, associative brain function, pain, speech, receptors and stimulus, somatovisceral sensation, senses

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Blood pressure: Riva-Rocci method, palpation method, oscilometric method, Penaz´s method - principle and training

2.Reflexes: reflexes bicipital, tricipital, of Acill tendon, patellar, abdominal, corneal, oculocardial - principles and training; Reaction time, Laterality

3.Blood 1: counting of Leu, sedimentation, blood groups, QUICK test

4.Blood 2: counting of Ery, hemoglobin, hematocrite

5.Vision and audition: visual acuity, perimetry, color vision, tune-fork tests

6.Spirometry: measurements of general lung volumes and FEV1, určení základních plicních objemů a FEV1, calculation of lung capacities

Study Objective:

Anatomy - to get a review of the structure and composition of the human body. Physiology - to ge understanding of the functioning of living matter based on the description of living cell and the exchange of chemicals, energy and information with the environment.

Study materials:

[1] Silbernagel S., Despopoulos A.: Color atlas of physiology, Thieme 2000


[3] Dylevský I., : Dětský pohybový systém, Palestra, Vysoká škola tělesné výchovy a sportu PALESTRA, spol. s r.o., 2011

Further information:
No time-table has been prepared for this course
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2023-03-28
Aktualizace výše uvedených informací naleznete na adrese https://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet2166206.html