Ionizing Radiation in the Environment

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Code Completion Credits Range
16IZZP Z,ZK 3 2P+1C
Lenka Thinová (guarantor)
Lenka Thinová (guarantor)
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

The course provides a comprehensive view of the source of ionizing radiation occurring in the environment. It includes information, methods of measuring, and calculating effective doses from individual sources of ionizing radiation and discusses related radiation protection.



Syllabus of lectures:

1. Introduction, quantities and units, international and czech legislation, dose assessment, cost benefit, examples of dose assessment, models for calculating internal contamination and committed effective dose.

2. Cosmic radiation, origin, distribution, assessment, measurement.

3. Radiocarbon dating and other methods of age determination using radionuclides.

4. Terrestrial radiation, dose assessment, NORM, TENORM.

5. Detection equipment and instrumentation, calibration, terrestrial spectrometry, modern trends in instrumentation.

6. Physics of radon, OAR, EOAR, F, WLM, radon in soil air, methods of radon measurement, radon index.

7. Radon diagnostics, data analysis, radon controlling .

8. Uranium mining, wastes and their remediation, radioactive objects and environmental contamination, old loads.

9. Overview of artificial radionuclides, models of migration in the environment.

10. Evaluation of nuclear accidents.

11. Nuclear fallout contamination - measurement, radioactive fallout and radionuclides from nuclear facilities.

12. Repository of radioactive and nuclear wastes and materials.

13. Analytical methods for determination of radionuclides in environmental samples.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1. Calculations related to environmental radioactivity.

2. Detection of cosmic rays and cosmogenic radionuclides.

3. In situ measurement and sampling.

4. Practise in radon detection.

5. Surface contamination and decontamination.

6. Practise from analytical methods of radionuclide determination.

7. Practical calculations of radionuclide propagation in the environment.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

Key references:

[1] L’Annunziata: Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, Academic Press, 2012.

[2] IAEA: Protection of the Public against Exposure Indoors due to Radon and Other Natural Sources of Radiation. IAEA, Vienna, 2015.

[3] IAEA: Radioactive particles in the Environment:Sources, Particle Characterizationand Analytical Techniques. IAEA, Vienna, 2011.

Recommended references:

[4] IAEA: Guidelines for radioelement mapping using gamma ray spectrometry data. IAEA, Vienna, 2003.

[5] IAEA: Environmental and Source Monitoring for Purposes of RadiationProtection . IAEA, Vienna, 2005.

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-03-05
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet6370506.html