Introductory Nuclear and Radiation Physics 1

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Code Completion Credits Range
16UJRF1 Z,ZK 4 2P+2C
Tomáš Urban, Ladislav Musílek (guarantor)
Tomáš Urban
Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionizing Radiation

The aim of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge about atomic nucleus and radiation physics, which is followed by other specialized lectures. The subject summarizes thematic areas: development of opinions on micro-wave and radiation physics, basic characteristics of the atom and nucleus, binding energy, measurement of mass and dimensions of the nuclei, the most important nuclear models. General characteristics of the interaction of ionizing radiation with the matter, interaction of alpha, beta, gamma and neutron radiation, passage of radiation beams through the matter, radiation effects in matter.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.A brief overview of the history of nuclear and radiation physics.

2.Physical quantities in radiation physics and their measurements, cross-sections.

3.Basic characteristics of atomic nucleus.

4.Mass and binding energy of atomic nucleus.

5.Atomic nucleus dimensions’ determination methods.

6.Basic characteristics and types of atomic nucleus models.

7.Basic properties of the most important particles of ionizing radiation.

8.General characteristics of interaction of ionizing radiation with matter.

9.Interaction of heavy charged particles with matter, stopping power.

10.Energy losses of electrons when passing through matter.

11.X and gamma radiation interaction processes.

12.Neutron interaction processes with matter.

13.Effects induced by ionizing radiation – ionization and excitation, heat generation.

Syllabus of tutorials:

1.Laboratory frame of reference, center-of-mass frame.

2.Cross sections.

3.Basic relations in quantum physics.

4.Classical physics vs. relativistic physics.

5.Nucleus mass, nucleus radius, nucleus moments and other quantum characteristics.

6.Nucleus binding energy.

7.Weizsäcker formula, line of beta stability.

8.General characteristics of charged particle interaction.

9.Interaction of heavy charged particles vs. interaction of light charged particles with matter.

10.Bethe-Bloch formula for collision and radiation losses of charged particles.

11.Interaction of photons (X and gamma radiation) with matter.

12.Passage of the photon beam through material.

13.Neutron interaction processes with matter.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

Key References:

1.W. Loveland, D. J. Morrissey, G. T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2017

2.E. B. Podgoršak: Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists. Berlin, Springer, 2016

Recommended References:

3.J. J. Bevelacqua: Health Physics, Wiley – VCH, Weinheim, 2016

4.B. R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics - An Introduction, Chichester, Wiley, 2009

5.J. Magill, J. Gally: Radioactivity, Radionuclides, Radiation, Berlin, Springer, 2005

6.J. S. Lilley: Nuclear Physics - Principles and Applications. Chichester, Wiley, 2001

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-03-02
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet6346906.html