Thermohydraulics of Nuclear Reactors

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Code Completion Credits Range Language
17THYR Z,ZK 4 3P+1C Czech
Dušan Kobylka (guarantor)
Dušan Kobylka (guarantor)
Department of Nuclear Reactors

The course extend student´s basic knowledge in the field of thermohydraulics of nuclear reactors, which they obtain in their previous study. Students are familiarized with 2 phase flow, boiling convection together with forced convection and boiling crisis analyses in the nuclear core conditions. The temperature distribution in the coolant channel will be de-scribed together with the thermohydraulic of the full nuclear reactor core, including the hot channel theory. The parts of the course are also lectures about compressible fluid flow theory (ideal gases, vapors, ….) and turbulent flow and its modelling. Explication is focused on understanding and application of knowledge for basic thermohydraulic design of nuclear devices and safety analyses and shows todays limits of knowledge. One lecture is focused on special convection to uncommon coolants, which can be applied for example in gen. IV nuclear reactors.

Syllabus of lectures:

1.2 phase flow (3 lectures): theory of 2 phase flow and 2 phase flow calculations, drift-flux model and different models for slip calculations, void fraction, pressure losses in 2 phase flow, instabilities of 2phase flows.

2.Nonadiabatic 2 phase flow in heated channel (3 lectures): coolant heating in channel and levels of heating, void frac-tion and heat transfer calculations in 2 phase flow, void fraction calculations and heat transfer calculations, pressure losses, boiling crisis in the coolant channel in the reactor core.

3.Thermohydraulics of: coolant channel, core and primary circuit (2 lectures): axial and radial temperature distribution in the coolant channel, possibilities of thermohydraulic design of nuclear core, hot channel theory, limits of thermal power in the reactor core.

4.Compressible fluid mechanics (2 lectures): basics of compressible fluid dynamics, critical flow of ideal gas, critical 2 phase flow.

5.Turbulent flow (2 lectures): theoretical possibilities of turbulent flow description, overview and classification of tur-bulent flow models and their theory.

6.Special convection (1 lecture): coolant comparison, convection to liquid metals, convection to gases, convection to supercritical water and convection in molten salts.

Syllabus of tutorials:

Selected chapters are completed with practical tasks calculations: type of 2 phase flow determination, 2 phase flow pressure losses, coolant channel heating, critical heat flux, critical flow, Laval nozzle, shock wave.

Study Objective:
Study materials:

Key references:

[1]D'Auria F. ed.: Thermal-Hydraulics of Water Cooled Nuclear Reactors, Woodhead Publishing, 2017, ISBN: 9780081006627

[2]Todreas N. E., Kazimi M. S.: Nuclear systems, volume I - Thermal Hydraulic Fundamentals, CRC Press, 2012, ISBN 978-1-4398-0887-0

Recommended references:

[3]Todreas N.E., Kazimi M.S.: Nuclear systems, volume II - Elements of Thermal Hydraulic Design, Tailor and Fran-cis, 2001, ISBN 1-56032-079-6

[4]Wagner W., Kretzschmar H.J.: International Steam Tables, Properties of Water and Steam Based on the Industrial Formulation IAPWS-IF97, Second Edition, Springer, 2008, ISBN: 978-3-540-21419-9

Time-table for winter semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
Time-table for summer semester 2020/2021:
Time-table is not available yet
The course is a part of the following study plans:
Data valid to 2021-03-05
For updated information see http://bilakniha.cvut.cz/en/predmet6305706.html